Subjective Social Status
PCS2, PMBC, PCS3
Not a copyrighted scale
Adler, N. E., Epel, E. S., Castellazzo, G., Ickovics, & J. R. (2000). Relationship of subjective and objective social status with psychological and physiological functioning: Preliminary data in healthy, White women. Health Psychology, 19, 586-592.
Adler, N. E., Stewart, J., et al. (2007). The MacArthur Scale of Subjective Social Status. In Psychosocial Research Notebook. Retrieved January 11, 2013, from http://www.macses.ucsf.edu/research/psychosocial/subjective.php
Cohen, S., Alper, C. M., Doyle, W. J., Adler, N., Treanor, J. J., & Turner, R. B. (2008). Objective and subjective socioeconomic status and susceptibility to the common cold. Health Psychology, 27, 268-274.
Operario, D., Adler, N. E., & Williams, D. R. (2004). Subjective social status: Reliability and predictive utility for global health. Psychology and Health, 19, 237-246.
To capture individuals' sense of their place on the social ladder, which takes into account standing on multiple dimensions of socioeconomic status and social position. In PCS3, the MacArthur Scale also was used to assess participants’ subjective ratings of their social position during childhood.
PCS3 onlyParticipants were presented with two USA Ladders and two Community Ladders on which they ranked their father’s and mother’s respective social positions as they would have been during the participant’s childhood and adolescence (see Childhood Subjective Social Status).
1=lowest status, 9=highest status
Number of Items
2 (1 per SES ladder)
In a sample of 191 randomly selected adult residents of the continental United States, the MacArthur Scale of Subjective Social Status (USA Ladder) was found to demonstrate acceptable 6-month test-retest reliability (Spearman’s rank order correlation = .62, p<.01; Operario et al., 2004).
- SES USA Ladder Score
- SES Community Ladder Score