The scale appears in its entirety in the source article (Miller et al., 1983). For reprint permission requests and copyright inquiries, contact the publisher of the journal, the American Psychological Association: APA Permissions office.
Miller, L., Archer, R., & Berg, J. (1983). Openers: Individuals who elicit intimate self-disclosure (abstract). Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 44(6), 1234-1244.
To determine the extent to which participants elicit self-disclosure from others.
Using a 5-point Likert scale, participants indicate the degree to which they agree with several self-referent statements describing their interactions with other persons.
1 = Strongly Disagree, 2 = Disagree, 3 = Neutral, 4 = Agree, 5 = Strongly Agree
Number of Items
In undergraduate students (Miller et al., 1983)
- Internal consistency (n = 740): Cronbach’s α = 0.79
- Test-retest reliability (6 weeks; n = 65): r = 0.69
- Validity (n = 110 undergraduate women): In a laboratory study, “high openers” (those scoring in the upper third on the Opener Scale) elicited greater self-disclosure from “low disclosure” interaction partners than did “low openers” (those scoring in the lower third on the Opener Scale).
In combined PMBC and PCS3 sample (n = 406)Internal consistency, Cronbach’s α = 0.89
Sum of all items
Openers Total Score