Not a copyrighted scale
Krause, N. (1995). Negative interaction and satisfaction with social support among older adults. Journal of Gerontology: Psychological Sciences, 50B, 59-73.
To assess frequency of negative interactions with significant others.
Type of Measure
Modified. This version includes the original 4-item scale plus one adapted item (based on Schuster, Kessler, & Aseltine, 1990; “How often do they let you down when you are counting on them?”).
Respondents use a 4-point rating scale to indicate the frequency with which significant others are critical or make demands of them. All items are preceded by the question stem “In the past month…”.
0 = Never, 1 = Once In A While, 2 = Fairly Often, 3 = Very Often
Number of Items
In combined PMBC & PCS3 samples (n = 406)
Internal consistency, Cronbach’s α = 0.86
Negative Interactions Total Score: Sum Items 1-5
Schuster, T. L., Kessler, R. C., Aseltine, R. H., Jr. (1990). Supportive interactions, negative interactions, and depressed mood. American Journal of Community Psychology, 18, 423-438.