To determine how much effort participants put into dealing with things that go on in their lives.
Type of Measure
Developed by Dr. Cohen for PCS1
Respondents indicate how accurately a series of statements describes their lives during the past week. Response options are presented using a 5-point Likert-type format.
0=not at all accurate, 1=a little accurate, 2= moderately accurate, 3= quite a bit accurate, 4=extremely accurate
Number of Items
• I worked hard to prevent potential problems at work
• Much of my time and energy was spent coping with problems
• I put relatively little energy into things that needed to be done at home and work (reversed)
Life Effort Score: Sum Items 1R, 2, 3, 4R, 5, 6, 7R, 8, 9, 10R