State-Trait Anger Expression Inventory (STAXI) – Anger Expression Scale
Reproduction and administration of this scale requires a use license which is available for purchase from Mind Garden, Inc.
Spielberger, C. D., et al. (1985). The experience and expression of anger: Construction and validation of an anger expression scale. In M. A. Chesney & R. H. Rosenman (eds.), Anger and Hostility in Cardiovascular and Behavioral Disorders. Cambridge: Hemisphere.
Johnson, E. H. (1989). The role of the experience and expression of anger and anxiety in elevated blood pressure among black and white adolescents. Journal of the National Medical Association, 81, 573-584.
To assess individual differences in the respective tendencies to express anger openly (Anger-out) and suppress anger or “keep it inside” (Anger-in)
Using a 4-point scale, respondents indicate the frequencies with which they engage in a variety of behaviors when they are “angry or furious”. Items are not presented within the context of a specific time frame or referent period.
1 = Almost Never, 2 = Sometimes, 3 = Often, 4 = Almost Always
Number of Items
16 (8 Anger-out; 8 Anger-in)
Internal Consistency Reliability in PMBC (n=193)
- Anger-out: Cronbach's α=0.77
- Anger-in: Cronbach's α=0.73