Carnegie Mellon University

Eberly Center

Teaching Excellence & Educational Innovation

Eberly Center for Teaching Excellence & Educational Innovation

Can Pre-class Assessments Better Prepare Students for Lecture?

Assessments embedded in instructional videos enhanced student learning.

Foundations of Software Engineering

Erdogmus and Peraire teach a course on Foundations of Software Engineering. Students watch lecture videos outside of class time and engage in active learning activities during the in-person time. These instructors wanted to assess the efficacy of embedding pre- and post-assessments in their online videos for improving both student learning and preparation for in-person class activities. Each student received embedded assessments for half of the lecture videos and no assessments for the rest. The half of the videos containing embedded assessments varied by course section. As a measure of learning, all of the students took in-class quizzes covering the content from each lecture video. Across all lecture videos, students who received embedded assessments performed significantly better on the in-class quiz questions compared to students who did not receive embedded assessments for that topic. Results suggest that including embedded assessments in pre-class videos can help students better prepare for in-person class sessions.

chart indicating proportion correct on in-class quiz


Students who received embedded assessments performed better on the in-class quiz questions (M = 64.94, SD = 9.54), compared to students who did not receive embedded assessments (M = 61.31, SD = 9.95). Error bars are the 95% confidence intervals for the means.

The mean difference of 3.63 was statistically significant, 95% CI [5.97, 1.30], t (48) = 3.12, p < 0.01, d = .37.


Tags:
Dependant Variable: learning
Pedagogical Strategy: active learning   TEL
Study Design: category 4