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Monday, March 15, 2021 - Duane G. Watson, Ph.D.: “Speaking for Thinking: Understanding the Link between Cognition and Speech”
Duane G. Watson, Ph.D.
Professor and Frank W. Mayborn Chair of Cognitive Science
Dept of Psychology and Human Development
Monday, March 15, 2021
This was a virtual presentation.
One of the central debates in the language sciences is understanding whether linguistic representations can be divided into those that represent competence, i.e., linguistic knowledge, and those that represent performance, i.e., psychological processes that use that knowledge. Prosody, which is the tone, rhythm, and intonation of speech, is perhaps unique among linguistic representations in that it conveys information about both linguistic structure and psychological processes. In this talk, I will present work from my lab, as well as the language literature more generally, that suggests that prosody is used to optimize the speech signal for listeners as well as provide time for speakers to engage speech processes related to language production. By studying prosody, language scientists can gain insight into language structure (e.g., syntax, semantics, and discourse), psychological processes (e.g., production and comprehension), and how the two interact.
October 5, 2020 - Celeste Kidd, Ph.D.: “How to Know”
Celeste Kidd, Ph.D.
Assistant Professor, Dept of Psychology
University of California, Berkeley
"How to Know"
Monday, October 5, 2020
This was a virtual presentation.
This talk will discuss Kidd’s research about how people come to know what they know. The world is a sea of information too vast for any one person to acquire entirely. How then do people navigate the information overload, and how do their decisions shape their knowledge and beliefs? In this talk, Kidd will discuss research from her lab about the core cognitive systems people use to guide their learning about the world—including attention, curiosity, and metacognition (thinking about thinking). The talk will discuss the evidence that people play an active role in their own learning, starting in infancy and continuing through adulthood. Kidd will explain why we are curious about some things but not others, and how our past experiences and existing knowledge shape our future interests. She will also discuss why people sometimes hold beliefs that are inconsistent with evidence available in the world, and how we might leverage our knowledge of human curiosity and learning to design systems that better support access to truth and reality.
September 21, 2020 - Belinda Campos, Ph.D.: “Insights for Relationships and Health from Latino Culture”
Belinda Campos, Ph.D.
Professor and Chair, Chicano/Latino Studies
Department of Chicano/Latino Studies
School of Medicine PRIME-LC
Department of Psychological Science
University of California, Irvine
“Insights for Relationships and Health from Latino Culture”
Monday, September 21, 2020
This is a virtual presentation.
Social relationships can enhance the quality of life by conferring higher levels of subjective well-being, greater resilience against adverse circumstances, and better health. To obtain these benefits, humans must navigate a complex social world where self-interest must be balanced by other-interest. In this talk, I assert that Latino contexts are of theoretical and applied interest for studying these questions and present a series of studies that show that Latino cultural values that emphasize other-interest are associated with benefits for relationship quality and have implications for health.