Teacher Professional Development
Since 2006 the Gelfand Center has created opportunities for middle and high school teachers of STEM subjects to meet with Carnegie Mellon faculty and students. These workshops are held on Saturdays during the academic year or in the summer. Teachers gain a broader understanding of what it means to conduct research and how research is integrated into the work of a scientist or engineer. The format includes presentations, hands-on activities, tours of research facilities and panel discussions. Participants also learn about opportunities for middle and high school students to become engaged in research activities and how students can share their work through regional competitions and programs. In many cases the Carnegie Mellon faculty members are hoping that teachers will help them to understand the connections between their research and content that is taught in schools. This information is frequently used to design broader impacts stratgies for National Science Foundation Proposals.
See information about recent and upcoming programs:
Remote session: Biohybrid and Organic Robots: A bridge between biology and robotics
Dr. Vickie Webster Wood, Mechanical Engineering
Dr. Webster-Wood’s lab works on the cutting-edge technology of biohybrid and organic robotics. Her research team looks to animals and plants as both a source of inspiration for the design of new robots, but also as sources of renewable resources for robot fabrication. Her long-term research goal is to create programmable autonomous robots using organic materials that are ‘green’, biodegradable, and safe when interacting with humans and the environment. Currently her research team is studying how muscle can be used to actuate robots, how to fabricate completely soft organic actuators and structures, how animals respond to chemicals in their environment, and how to capture the amazing capabilities of animals in bio-inspired controllers and mechanisms. Biohybrid and organic robots have applications in environmental monitoring as well as search and rescue.
You may learn more about their research here: https://engineering.cmu.edu/borg
Vickie Webster-Wood was trained in mechanical engineering as an undergraduate and transitioned into robotics during graduate school in the Biorobotics Lab at Case Western Reserve University. As a PhD student she expanded her training to include tissue engineering and cell culture for robotic applications. To expand her technical experience in tissue engineering, she joined the Tissue Fabrication and Mechanobiology Lab at Case Western Reserve University as a Postdoctoral Research Fellow in 2017. She joined the faculty of the Department of Mechanical Engineering at Carnegie Mellon University in 2018.
Remote session: Engineering Air Quality and Climate
Humans have significantly altered the composition of the atmosphere since the industrial revolution. Numerous trace pollutants react to form nanoparticles in the air. These particles play a large role in air quality, cloud formation, and ultimately climate. Dr. Coty Jen's research focuses on measuring and modeling how these particle formation reactions occur in the atmosphere and building instruments to measure extremely low concentration pollutants. More information can be found on the Jen Research Lab's website.
Coty Jen is an assistant professor of Chemical Engineering at CMU. She is a member of the Center for Atmospheric Particle Studies. Her research focuses on how nanoparticles form and grow in the atmosphere and ultimately impact the environment. Her group designs and builds instruments for measuring the composition of 1 nm particles formed from manmade pollution and biogenic emissions. Her previous research examined the millions of organic compounds emitted during wildfires and how these compounds impact human health and air quality. Dr. Jen completed her B.S. in Chemical Engineering at Columbia University, M.S. in Chemical Engineering at University of Minnesota- Twin Cities, Ph.D. in Mechanical Engineering at University of Minnesota- Twin Cities, and postdoc in Environmental Science, Policy, and Management at University of California, Berkeley.
Remote session: Path to a PhD: Through the Lens of a First-Year Graduate Student
Gaurav Balakrishnan is a first-year PhD student in the Materials Science and Engineering department working in the interface of materials and medicine, designing edible electronic medical devices. In this session, he will walk through some key moments in his educational journey and present his biggest takeaways pertaining to research and higher education in an effort to shed light on some of those questions. Additionally, there will also be a discussion session on building equity in education and lowering barriers for students to pursue higher education, and the role university-school partnerships can play in furthering this effort.
Security Challenges with Cryptocurrencies and Smart Contracts
Smart contracts, popularized by cryptocurrencies like Bitcoin and Ethereum, are programs that run atop financial infrastructure and command the flow of money according to user-defined algorithms. Such contracts can implement new, decentralized financial instruments or even virtual corporations defined only by the bundle of smart contracts programmatically governing their behavior. For example, an eBay-like smart contract could directly connect buyers with sellers, support a variety of auction mechanisms, and manage necessary payments (including escrow), without the transaction charges currently imposed by eBay, PayPal, and the credit card companies. In general, moving business processes into smart contracts promises to lower costs, reduce friction, and unleash innovation by eliminating intermediaries and automating settlements.
However, programming smart contracts requires a deep understanding of cryptographic techniques, a non-standard execution cost model, and economic mechanism design. Existing smart-contract programming languages provide little support for such reasoning; indeed, contract vulnerabilities have already led to multi-million-dollar thefts.
In this workshop, we will introduce the ideas behind blockchains, cryptocurrencies, and smart contracts. We’ll discuss some of the security challenges unique to these new technologies, as well as some of our on-going research into how to prevent or mitigate these new vulnerabilities.
Engineering Organs for Humans: Can you turn a pig organ into a human one?
Intended for high school biology teachers, this professional development session will help educators to learn about emerging areas of research in biomedical engineering.
Dr. Ren’s lab works on the cutting-edge technology of whole-organ decellularization, which remove cells from animal organs or discarded human organs and turn them into scaffold framework for building new organs. They combine decellularized organ scaffolds with human stem cells for bioengineering of human organs for transplantation therapy. You may learn more about their research here: https://www.cmu.edu/bme/renlab/index.html.
Xi Ren (Charlie) was trained as a developmental biologist during his graduate study focusing on the vascular and hematopoietic systems. Moving from vascular development to vascular engineering, he joined the Laboratory for Organ Engineering and Regeneration at Massachusetts General Hospital and Harvard Medical School as a Postdoctoral Research Fellow in 2012. He became Instructor in Surgery at Harvard Medical School in 2016. During this time, he developed systematic strategies for engineering functional vasculature based on decellularized organ scaffolds. He joined the faculty of the Department of Biomedical Engineering at Carnegie Mellon University in 2017.
Making, Innovating and Intellectual Property
In STEM classrooms and maker spaces students are able to apply knowledge and develop skills while solving problems or responding to a challenge. Did you know that the Office of Education and Outreach at the United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO) has designed resources to motivate students while integrating invention education and information about intellectual property [patents, copyrights, trademarks] and entrepreneurship into classroom activities?
Representatives from the USPTO will present resources and activities that can be used to help students explore the creation of new inventions or the improvement of existing solutions. You’ll also learn about inventors and innovations that are being developed at Carnegie Mellon University (in 2018, more than 540 inventors have 269 invention disclosures with more than 236 patents filed!)
Contact Judy Hallinen, firstname.lastname@example.org for more information.