Teacher Professional Development
Since 2006 the Gelfand Center has created opportunities for middle and high school teachers of STEM subjects to meet with Carnegie Mellon facultly and students. These workshops are held on Saturdays during the academic year or in the summer. Teachers gain a broader understanding of what it means to conduct research and how research is integrated into the work of a scientist or engineer. The format includes presentations, hands-on activities, tours of research facilities and panel discussions. Participants also learn about opportunities for middle and high school students to become engaged in research activities and how students can share their work through regional competitions and programs. In many cases the Carnegie Mellon faculty members are hoping that teachers will help them to understand the connections between their research and content that is taught in schools. This information is frequently used to design broader impacts stratgies for National Science Foundation Proposals.
Recent programs have included:
Security Challenges with Cryptocurrencies and Smart Contracts
Smart contracts, popularized by cryptocurrencies like Bitcoin and Ethereum, are programs that run atop financial infrastructure and command the flow of money according to user-defined algorithms. Such contracts can implement new, decentralized financial instruments or even virtual corporations defined only by the bundle of smart contracts programmatically governing their behavior. For example, an eBay-like smart contract could directly connect buyers with sellers, support a variety of auction mechanisms, and manage necessary payments (including escrow), without the transaction charges currently imposed by eBay, PayPal, and the credit card companies. In general, moving business processes into smart contracts promises to lower costs, reduce friction, and unleash innovation by eliminating intermediaries and automating settlements.
However, programming smart contracts requires a deep understanding of cryptographic techniques, a non-standard execution cost model, and economic mechanism design. Existing smart-contract programming languages provide little support for such reasoning; indeed, contract vulnerabilities have already led to multi-million-dollar thefts.
In this workshop, we will introduce the ideas behind blockchains, cryptocurrencies, and smart contracts. We’ll discuss some of the security challenges unique to these new technologies, as well as some of our on-going research into how to prevent or mitigate these new vulnerabilities.
Engineering Organs for Humans: Can you turn a pig organ into a human one?
Intended for high school biology teachers, this professional development session will help educators to learn about emerging areas of research in biomedical engineering.
Dr. Ren’s lab works on the cutting-edge technology of whole-organ decellularization, which remove cells from animal organs or discarded human organs and turn them into scaffold framework for building new organs. They combine decellularized organ scaffolds with human stem cells for bioengineering of human organs for transplantation therapy. You may learn more about their research here: https://www.cmu.edu/bme/renlab/index.html.
Xi Ren (Charlie) was trained as a developmental biologist during his graduate study focusing on the vascular and hematopoietic systems. Moving from vascular development to vascular engineering, he joined the Laboratory for Organ Engineering and Regeneration at Massachusetts General Hospital and Harvard Medical School as a Postdoctoral Research Fellow in 2012. He became Instructor in Surgery at Harvard Medical School in 2016. During this time, he developed systematic strategies for engineering functional vasculature based on decellularized organ scaffolds. He joined the faculty of the Department of Biomedical Engineering at Carnegie Mellon University in 2017.
Making, Innovating and Intellectual Property
In STEM classrooms and maker spaces students are able to apply knowledge and develop skills while solving problems or responding to a challenge. Did you know that the Office of Education and Outreach at the United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO) has designed resources to motivate students while integrating invention education and information about intellectual property [patents, copyrights, trademarks] and entrepreneurship into classroom activities?
Representatives from the USPTO will present resources and activities that can be used to help students explore the creation of new inventions or the improvement of existing solutions. You’ll also learn about inventors and innovations that are being developed at Carnegie Mellon University (in 2018, more than 540 inventors have 269 invention disclosures with more than 236 patents filed!)
Contact Judy Hallinen, firstname.lastname@example.org for more information.