A vast range of initiators have been employed for ATRP since the appropriate selection of an initiator is a simple method for intorduction of α-functionality into a linear monofunctional copolymer chain.
Some abbreviations used in the following examples:
BriB: ethyl 2-bromoisobutyrate
EBrP: ethyl 2-bromopropionate
MBrP: methyl 2-bromopropionate
1-PEBr: 1-phenyl ethylbromide
TsCl: tosyl chloride
EMADC: 2-(N,N-diethyldithiocarbamyl)-isobutyric acid ethyl ester
DMDBHD: dimethyl 2,6-dibromoheptanedioate
Since many initiators are similar to "dormant chain ends" the rate of activation depends on the structure of the initiator. One normally seeks to ensure that the rate of activation from the added initiator is at least as fast as the rate of propagation, if narrow polydispersity and high initiation efficiency is desired.