Lectures & Colloquia
Friday, October 28
Wayne Wu, Carnegie Mellon University
Posner Hall 151
Talk Title: Attention, Norms and Bias
Abstract: This talk will be an overview of the intersection of attention and normative requirements in recent philosophical work. I will briefly discuss some relevant aspects of the science of attention as background, explicating the concepts of bias, automaticity and control in a precise way. I then discuss three concepts that have normative significance, namely in recent work on ethics and epistemology: salience, vigilance and attentional character. I conclude with remarks regarding a concrete case of epistemic bias in academia and assess our methods for responding to it. I also hope to provide an example of how cognitive science and philosophy can productively engage.
Friday, September 16
Professor Vincent Conitzer, Carnegie Mellon University
Posner Hall 151
Talk Title: (How Philosophers Can and Do Contribute to) Foundations of Cooperative AI
Abstract: I direct the new Foundations of Cooperative AI Lab (FOCAL) at CMU, the goal of which is to create foundations of game theory appropriate for advanced, autonomous AI agents -- with a focus on achieving cooperation. Too little attention has been paid to the ways in which AI agents can be fundamentally unlike human agents, and this has left various ways of avoiding game-theoretic tragedies (prisoner's dilemma, tragedy of the commons, ...) underexplored. But many relevant insights can be found in the philosophy literature, for example on self-locating beliefs (Sleeping Beauty problem) and decision theory (causal vs. evidential). In addition to formal epistemology, eventually this connects even to problems in metaphysics and philosophy of mind. A very recent and surely imperfect writeup can be found at: https://www.cs.cmu.edu/~15784/focal_paper.pdf; feedback is appreciated!