February 20, 2019
Students Confront Food Insecurity on College Campuses
By Elizabeth Donaldson
According to a recent HOPE survey, one in three college students doesn't get enough to eat. Universities like Carnegie Mellon have opened food pantries to help students in need but agree that it's only the start. To tackle the growing problem of food insecurity on college campuses, MIIPS students partnered with interdisciplinary students from across the United States to develop new solutions.
Graduate students from the Integrated Design Innovation (IDI) Consortium’s founding programs—Master of Integrated Innovation for Products & Services at Carnegie Mellon, MIT, Northwestern, and the University of Pennsylvania—spent four months analyzing food insecurity before presenting their findings and solutions at a culminating event this February. Now in its fifth year, the annual IDI Challenge unites students from four cross-disciplinary graduate programs to solve large-scale social problems.
For the first several weeks of the IDI Challenge, students conducted primary research on how food insecurity affected their universities and local communities.
“It’s a huge problem that takes a long time to become intimately familiar with,” says Brian Xiao (MIIPS Advanced ’19). He explains that the negative stigma of food insecurity also made research more challenging.
“The negative stigma was so great that we couldn’t find people to interview: we put up signs, we digitally advertised, but nobody wanted to talk to us, nobody wanted to say ‘I don’t have resources for food.’ That colored our experience and was the first thing we focused on when crafting our solution.”
Students discuss primary research with IDI peers last November
After students presented their research in early November, faculty advisors from each school identified several topic areas as part of the campus food insecurity problem. From there, students elected their topics of interest and were sorted into cross-disciplinary, cross-university teams.
Ellen Ayoob, the faculty advisor from the Integrated Innovation Institute, says that students spent December and January familiarizing themselves with current food insecurity programs and interviewing key stakeholders before deciding on two or three possible ways to address their topic area.
The Challenge culminated at MIT's Cambridge campus during the weekend of February 11. On Friday, the student groups presented their ideas, then narrowed their focus upon receiving faculty recommendations and feedback from the food bank network Feeding America.
Shawn Koid (MIIPS Advanced '19) presents her group's concepts
Students spent all day Saturday prototyping and iterating their concept before presenting a final solution to faculty advisors, fellow students, and food insecurity experts.
“I’m a car designer, so I wanted to draw something shiny like an autonomous truck that acts as a food pantry on wheels,” Xiao says. His team decided to build a moving food pantry with a locator app to improve campus accessibility. “We didn’t have access to an autonomous truck, but we did have a bicycle! Within an hour, we built a little trailer, stuck a logo on it, and began collecting food from catering.”
Xiao and his team proceeded to test the prototype and document their findings, riding across MIT’s campus and sharing free food with students. With the stigma of food insecurity at the forefront of their solution, his team prioritized that all students should be fed, regardless if they're food insecure or just looking for a free snack. The team played ice cream truck music as they rode through common areas, delighting students and passing out free cookies. By collecting foods from catered events, the team hoped to reduce campus food waste.
Matthew Dworman (MIIPS '19), Brian Xiao (MIIPS Advanced '19) showcase their prototype with MIT and Northwestern teammates
Though Xiao says riding a bike through MIT was something to cross off his bucket list, it wasn’t the only remarkable experience of his IDI weekend.
“Usually during hackathons and challenges, I’m the designer. I do the slide layout, I do the drawings, but I didn’t do that this time. I ended up being the business person, which was something I would have never expected myself to do,” Xiao credits his newly developed business acumen to the skills he’s gained over the course of the MIIPS program. “I learned from IDI that I don’t always have to wear the designer hat, that I can manage the business side of the project, too.”
Unlike other design challenges, the IDI Challenge wasn’t a competition. Instead of fighting for first place, students could collaborate, inspiring new ideas and gaining valuable insight from each other.
“We were building off each other, it was really open. In other hackathons, you don’t want other people to see what you’re doing,” says Harshika Jain (MIIPS Advanced ’19), whose team designed communal kitchens for campus spaces. “The IDI Challenge was really unique because we weren’t competing for a prize. We were just really focused on solving this problem of food insecurity. The experience was collaborative until the very end."
Zeynep Olcer (MIIPS '19), Lingzhi Li (MIIPS '19) collaborate with MIT teammate
After the Challenge, MIIPS students have applied insights from their experience to their academic work.
"We made a campus map in our Internet of Things class that shows the food pantry and all the campus buildings. When food is available in a building, the building lights up and you get a Slack message with the floor and room number," Jain says, explaining how the research from IDI has influenced her final project for Design of Internet of Things. "We hope to make this project big and have maps across CMU."
"My team was great," Xiao notes, saying he learned a lot from his IDI peers. "Chris from Northwestern knew how to craft a story while Samip and Ameneh from MIT were really technical-minded. Though we all study the same thing, we all approach problems with a different style."
Next year, the IDI Challenge will be hosted by the Integrated Innovation Institute in Pittsburgh.
MIIPS students at MIT for the IDI Challenge weekend