Carnegie Mellon University

Erica R.H. Fuchs

Erica R.H. Fuchs

Professor, Engineering and Public Policy

Department of Engineering and Public Policy
Carnegie Mellon University
5000 Forbes Avenue
Pittsburgh, PA 15213


  • Carnegie Mellon 2007-

Erica R.H. Fuchs is a Professor in the Department of Engineering and Public Policy at Carnegie Mellon University, and was the founding Faculty Director of Carnegie Mellon University’s Manufacturing Futures Initiative – an initiative across six schools aimed to revolutionize the commercialization and local production of advanced manufactured products. Her research focuses on the development, commercialization and global manufacturing of emerging technologies, and national policy in that context. Dr. Fuchs was selected in 2012 as World Economic Forum Young Scientist (top 40 under 40, internationally). Over the past decade, Dr. Fuchs has played a growing role in national and international meetings on the future of advanced manufacturing, including being one of 23 participants in the President’s Council of Advisors on Science and Technology workshop that led to the creation of the Advanced Manufacturing Partnership, and serving on the expert group that supported the White House in the 2016 Innovation Dialogue between the U.S. and China. She currently serves on the National Academies’ National Materials and Manufacturing Board; the World Economic Forum’s Future of Production Global Futures Council; the Academic Advisory Board for M.I.T.’s Institute for Data, Systems, and Society, of which M.I.T.’s Technology Policy Program is a part; and the Advisory Editorial Board for Research Policy. Before coming to CMU, Dr. Fuchs completed her Ph.D. in Engineering Systems at M.I.T. in June 2006. She received her Masters and her Bachelors degrees also from M.I.T. in Technology Policy (2003) and Materials Science and Engineering (1999), respectively. Dr. Fuchs spent 1999-2000 as a fellow at the United Nations in Beijing, China. She grew up and attended K-12 in the Reading Public School District in Reading, PA. Her work has been published among other places in Science, the Nature journals, Research Policy, and Management Science; and has been covered on National Public Radio and in the New York Times.


  • Ph.D. (Engineering Systems), 2006, Massachusetts Institute of Technology
  • S.M. (Technology Policy), 2003, Massachusetts Institute of Technology
  • S.B. (Materials Science and Engineering), 1999, Massachusetts Institute of Technology


1.     Khan, H., Hounshell, D. and Fuchs, E. 2017. Science Policy for the End of Moore’s Law. Nature Electronics. Vol. 1. January 2018. pp 14-21.

2.     Bonnin-Roca, J., Vaishnav, P., Mendoca, J., Morgan, G., Fuchs, E. When Risks Cannot be Seen: Fostering the (safe) introduction of Metal Additive Manufacturing in Commercial Aviation. Research Policy. vol. 46, issue 7, 1215-1233 

3.     Fuchs, P., Xue, L., Zheng, P., Gallagher, K., Cowhey, P., Fuchs, E. 2017. Why China Needs Data Sharing to Address It’s Air Quality Challenge. National Science Review. nwx059,

4.     Sakti, A., Azevedo, I., Fuchs, E., Michalek, J., Gallagher, K., and Whitacre, J. 2017. Consistency and robustness of forecasting for emerging technologies: The case of Li-ion batteries for electric vehicles. Energy Policy. Vol 106, July 2017, p. 415-426. 

5.     Laureijs, R., Bonnin-Roca, J., Prabha Narra, S., Montgomery, C., Beuth, J., Fuchs, E. 2017. Metal Additive Manufacturing: Cost Competitive Beyond Low Volumes. ASME Journal of Manufacturing Science and Engineering. 139(8), 081010 (May 10, 2017) (9 pages) doi: 10.1115/1.4035420

6.     Bonnin-Roca, J., Vaishnav, P., Fuchs, E., and Morgan, G. 2016. Additive Manufacturing: Policy Needed. Nature Materials15, 815–818. doi:10.1038/nmat4658

7.     Engelman, C., Epple, D., Argote, L., and Fuchs, E. 2016. Learning by Doing in a Multi-Product Manufacturing Environment: Product Variety, Customizations, and Overlapping Product Generations. NBER Working paper No 19674. Management Science. 63(2):405-423. http://

8.     Yang, C., Nugent, R., and Fuchs, E. 2016. Gains from Other’s Losses: Technology Trajectories and the Global Division of Firms. Research Policy. 54(3): 724-745.

9.     Ventura, S., Nugent, R., and Fuchs, E. 2015.  Seeing the Non-Stars: (Some) Sources of Bias in Past Disambiguation Approaches and a New Public Tools Leveraging Labeled Records. Research PolicySpecial Issue on Data. 44(9): 1672-1701.

10.  Helveston, J.,  Liu, Y., Feit, E., Fuchs, E., Klampfl, E., and Michalek, J. 2015.  Will subsidies drive electric vehicle adoption in China and the U.S.? Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice. 73: March 2015 pp. 96-112.

11.  Sakti, A., Michalek, J., Fuchs, E., and Whitacre, J. 2014. A techno-economic analysis and optimization of Li-ion batteries for personal vehicle electrification. Journal of Power Sources. 273: January 2015 pp. 966-980. 10.1016/j.jpowsour.2016.09.072

12.  Fuchs, E. 2014. Global Manufacturing and the Future of Technology. Science. 345(6196): 519-520. 

13.  Woolley, A. and Fuchs, E. 2011. Collective Intelligence in the Organization of Science, Invited Paper. Special Issue on New Directions in Organization Science. Organization Science. 22(5): 1359-1367. 

14.  Fuchs, E., Kirchain, R., and Liu, S. 2011. The Future of Silicon Photonics – Not So Fast?: Insights from 100G Ethernet LAN Transceivers. Journal of Lightwave Technology. 29(15): 2319-2326.

15.  Fuchs, E., Field, F., Roth, R., and Kirchain, R. 2011. Plastic Cars in China? The Signifiance of Production Location over Markets for Technology Competitiveness in the United States versus the People’s Repulic of China.  International Journal of Production Economics. 132(2011): 79-92.

16.  Fuchs, E., and Kirchain, R. 2010. Design for Location?: The Impact of Manufacturing Off-Shore on Technology Competitiveness in the Optoelectronics Industry. Management Science, 56(12): 2323-2349.

17.  Fuchs, E. 2010. Rethinking the Role of the State in Technology Development: DARPA and the Case for Embedded Network Governance, Lead article. Research Policy, 39(2010): 1133-1147.

18.  Fuchs, E., Field, F., Roth, R., and Kirchain, R. 2008. Strategic Materials Selection in the Automotive Body: Economic Opportunities for Polymer Composite Design. Composite Science and Technology. 68(9): 1989-2002.

19.  Fuchs, E., Bruce, E., Ram, R., and Kirchain, R. 2006. Process-Based Cost Modeling of Photonics Manufacture: The Cost-Competitiveness of Monolithic Integration of a 1550nm DFB Laser and an Electro-Absorptive Modulator on an InP Platform. Journal of Lightwave Technology. 24(8): 3175-3186.

20.  Veloso, Francisco and Fuchs, E. 2002. The Future of the Asian Auto Industry: Regional Integration, Alternative Designs, and Chinese Leadership. International Journal of Vehicle Design. 35(1): 111-136. 

21.  Fuchs, E. and Johnsson, P. 2000. Inclusion Characteristics in Bearing Steel and During Ingot Casting. High Temperature Materials and Processes. 19(5): 333-344

Working Papers

1.     Khan, H., Hounshell, D. and Fuchs, E. 2017. Scaling Moore’s Wall: A Public Private Partnership in Search of a Technological Revolution. Revise and Resubmit. Research Policy.

2.     Helveston, J., Wang, Y., and Fuchs, E. Institutional Complementarities: The (Unlikely) Origins of Experimentation in China’s Plus-In Electric Vehicle Industry. Revise and Resubmit, Research Policy

3.     Bonnin-Roca, J., Vaishnav, P., Mendoca, J., Morgan, G., Fuchs, E. Technology Forgivingness: The Different Institutional Resilience of Polymer and Metal Additive Manufacturing in Portugal. Revise and Resubmit. Research Policy

4.     Azoulay, P, Goldstein, A., Kearney, M., Fuchs, E. Funding Breakthrough Research: Promises and Challenges of the “ARPA Model.” National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER). Innovation Policy and the Economy Series. Editors Scott Stern and Josh Lerner. MIT Press. Volume 19.

5.     Laureijs, R., Fuchs, E. Whitefoot, K. 2018. Is More Less: Benefits and Costs of High Variety Production in Non-Assembled Production Environments.

6.     Funk, P., Vaishnav, P., White, B., Davis, A., Fuchs, E. 2018. Codifying expert judgment at the technical frontier: the case of metal additive manufacturing.

7.     Combemale, C., Whitefoot, K., Fuchs, E. 2018. Beyond Automation: Technology change in manufacturing and low-education labor outcomes. 

8.     Treado, C. and Fuchs, E. Manufacturing Variety: Scale Economies in a Low-Volume High Mix Environment.

9.     Akinsanmi, W., Reagans, R., and Fuchs, E. Seeing Rainbows while Others Flee: How innovation in the most advanced optoelectronics technology grew after the burst of the telecommunications bubble.

National Academies Consensus Studies

1.     (Committee Member.) 2017. An Assessment of ARPA-E. Science Technology and Economic Policy (STEP) Board. National Academy of Sciences.

2.     (Committee Member.) 2013. Optics and Photonics: Essential Technologies for Our Nation. Board of Manufacturing and Engineering Design, National Materials Advisory Board, National Academy of Sciences.

Research Interests

Globalization; international technology and operations management, innovation and industrial policy.