Carnegie Mellon University

Paul Salvador

Paul Salvador

Professor of Materials Science and Engineering
Interim Director of Energy Science, Technology and Policy Program

  • Roberts Engineering Hall 149
5000 Forbes Avenue
Pittsburgh, PA 15213


Salvador's energy related research develops materials for advanced energy conversion technologies, including electrodes in solid oxide fuel cells and catalysts for solar fuel production. 

Professor Salvador received his B.S.E. in Materials Science and Engineering from the University of Pennsylvania in 1992 and his Ph. D. in Materials Science and Engineering from Northwestern University in 1997. He then spent two years in France as a post-doc at the Ecole Nationale Supérieure d'Ingénieurs (ENSI) de Caen, ISMRA (Laboratoire Crismat), working in the area of Materials Science and Solid State Chemistry. He joined Carnegie Mellon in 1999 as an Assistant Professor in the Department of Materials Science and Engineering, where he is currently a Professor. Salvador Biographical Information



Ph.D., Northwestern University
Salvador Educational Activities


Professor Salvador's research interests lie in the areas of thin film synthesis/growth, characterization, and architectural design of inorganic crystalline materials. His current focus is on the design of materials having structural features engineered from the sub-nanometer to the micron length scale. His group uses pulsed laser deposition and molecular beam epitaxy to grow crystals of oxides, nitrides, oxynitrides, metals, and composites (or heterostructures) of those materials for a variety of applications in the fields of energy, information storage, hard coatings, and RF electronics. Examples of research areas include surface engineering of catalysts used in chiral separations, solid oxide fuel cells, and solar hydrogen composites; determination of structure-property relationships in heterostructured films for probe data storage; design of nanostructured superlattice thin films for hard coatings, RF circuits, and information storage; thin film synthesis of metastable and artificially layered ferroelectric, dielectric, and magnetic crystals; the design of multifunctional (and/or multiferroic) materials using chemical principles and thin film processing; and the determination the evolution of microstructures in thin films and solid oxide fuel cell cathodes.
Salvador Research Group


Photochemical Energy Conversion:
Water and CO2 splitting on heterostructured catalysts
     Polar Domains at the Surface of Centrosymmetric BiVO4
R. Munprom, P. A. Salvador, and 
     G. S. Rohrer, Chemistry of Materials, 26, 2774-2776 (2014). DOI10.1021/cm501087j
     Photocatalysts with internal electric fields, L. Li, P. A. Salvador, and G. S. Rohrer, 
     Nanoscale, 6, 24-42 (2014) DOI10.1039/c3nr03998f

Solid Oxide Fuel Cells:
Cathode Activity and Performance Degradation
     Crystallography of Interfaces and Grain Size Distributions in Sr-doped LaMnO3, Q. Liu, 
     S. Bhattacharya, L. Helmick, S. P. Donegan, A. D. Rollett, G. S. Rohrer, and P. A. Salvador, 
     Journal of the American Ceramic Society97, 2623–2630 (2014) DOI:10.1111/jace.12984

     Substrate and Thickness Effects on the Oxygen Surface Exchange of La0.7Sr0.3MnO3 Thin Films, 
L. Yan and P. A. Salvador,  ACS Applied Materials and Interfaces4, 2541-2550 (2012). 

Thin Film Depostion:
Metastable Materials Synthesis and Novel Materials Design

     Secondary Hardness Enhancement in Large Period TiN/TaN Superlattices, N. Patel, S. Wang, 
     A. Inspektor, and P. A. Salvador, Surface & Coatings Technology254, 21-27 (2014). 

     Combinatorial substrate epitaxy: a new approach to growth of complex metastable compounds
     S. Havelia, S. Wang, K. R. Balasubramaniam, A. M. Schultz, G. S. Rohrer, and P. A. Salvador, 
     CrystEngComm15, 5434–5441 (2013). DOI10.1021/am4008837

Resistive Switching in Oxides:
Data Storage and Reconfigurable Electronics

In situ TEM Imaging of Defect Dynamics under Electrical Bias in Resistive Switching Rutile-TiO2,
     R. J. Kamaladasa, A. Sharma, Y.-T. Lai, W. Chen, P. A. Salvador, J. A. Bain, M. Skowronski, and 
     Y. N. Picard, Microscopy and Microanalysis, 21, 140-153 (2015). DOI10.1017/S1431927614013555

     Impact of Joule heating on the microstructure of nanoscale amorphous TiO2 resistive switching 
Y. M. Lu, M. Noman, Y. N. Picard, J. A. Bain, P. A. Salvador, and M. Skowronski, 
     Journal of Applied Physics, 113, 163703:1-7 (2013). DOI:10.1063/1.4803033

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