Carnegie Mellon University

Jay Apt

Jay Apt

Professor Emeritus, Tepper School of Business, Engineering and Public Policy

5000 Forbes Avenue
Pittsburgh, PA 15213


  • Professor, Tepper School of Business, Carnegie Mellon University, 2010-2022
  • Co-Director, Carnegie Mellon Electricity Industry Center, Carnegie Mellon University, 2010-2022
  • Affiliated Professor in Engineering & Public Policy, Carnegie Mellon University, 2010-2022
  • Distinguished Service Professor in Engineering and Public Policy, Carnegie Mellon University, 2000-2010
  • Managing Director and Chief Technology Officer, iNetworks, LLC Venture Capital , 2000-2003
  • Director, Carnegie Museum of Natural History, 1997-2000
  • Astronaut (Four Space Shuttle missions. Two missions involved partnerships with Japan and Russia; one involved two spacewalks), National Aeronautics and Space Administration, 1985-1997
  • Chief of Mission Support Branch, 1995-1996
  • Flight Controller, Mission Control center, 1982-1985
  • Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, California, Science Manager of Optical Facilities, Table Mountain Observatory, Group Leader, Optical Astronomy Group, Planetary scientist in Earth and Space Sciences Division, California Institute of Technology, 1980-1982
  • Assistant Director, Division of Applied Sciences, Founding Director, Planetary Imaging computer center, Harvard University, 1978-1980
  • Staff, Center for Earth and Planetary Physics, 1976-1980
  • Post-doctoral fellow in laser spectroscopy, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 1976


Apt's work is focused on low-pollution electric power generation, security and reliability of the electric power system, energy storage, electric vehicles, transmission and distribution.


Archival Journal Papers

Lavin, L., S. Murphy, B. Sergi, and J. Apt, Dynamic Operating Reserve Procurement Improves Scarcity Pricing in PJM. In review at Energy Policy.

Freeman, G., J. Apt, and J. Moura, What causes natural gas fuel shortages at U.S. power plants? Revised and resubmitted after first review at Energy Policy.

Kirchen, K., W. Harbert, J. Apt, and M.G. Morgan, A Solar-Centric Approach to Improving Estimates of Exposure Processes for Coronal Mass Ejections. Risk Analysis, 2020.

Murphy, S., L. Lavin, and J. Apt, Resource adequacy implications of temperature-dependent electric generator availability. Applied Energy, 2020. 262: 114424.

Keen, J.F. and J. Apt, How much capacity deferral value can targeted solar deployment create in Pennsylvania? Energy Policy, 2019. 134: 110902.

Murphy, S, F. Sowell, and J. Apt, A time-dependent model of generator failures and recoveries captures correlated events and quantifies temperature dependence. Applied Energy, 2019. 253: 113513.

Fisher, M., J. Apt, and J. Whitacre, Can flow batteries scale in the behind-the-meter commercial and industrial market? A techno-economic comparison of storage technologies in California. Journal of Power Sources, 2019. 420: 1-8.

Klima, K., J. Apt, M. Bandi, P. Happy, C. Loutan, and R. Young, Geographic smoothing of solar photovoltaic electric power production in the western USA. Journal of Renewable and Sustainable Energy, 2018. 10(5): 053504.

Freeman, G., J. Apt, and M. Dworkin, The Natural Gas Grid Needs Better Monitoring. Issues in Science and Technology, 2018. 34(4): 79-84.

Jay Apt is one of the many faculty experts at Carnegie Mellon University contributing to the work of the Wilton E. Scott Institute for Energy Innovation. Apt discusses what electricity supply will look like in the 21st century.