Carnegie Mellon University


Targets of Educational Activities

Literacy (EGRA = Early Grade Reading Assessment)

  • Alphabet:  See letter, say name
  • Phonemic Awareness:  Hear word, say initial sound
  • Listening Comprehension:  Hear story, answer questions
  • Sight Words:  See common word, say it
  • Decoding:  See non-word, say it
  • Fluency:  See text, read aloud
  • Reading Comprehension:  Read text, answer questions
  • Copying/Dictation:  See or hear letter/word/sentence, write it
  • Sentence Writing:  Given a prompt, write a complete sentence

Numeracy (EGMA = Early Grade Math Assessment)

  • Number Identification:  See number, say it
  • Number Discrimination:  See two numbers, pick larger number
  • Number Pattern Identification:  See series, fill in missing number
  • Arithmetic:  Add, subtract, or multiply 1 or 2 digit numbers
  • Word Problems:  Hear word problem, say answer

Educational Activities to Develop and Test


  • Demonstrate concept or skill
  • Assisted practice


  • Fluency practice for speed and accuracy

Shared Components to Develop and Test

  • Persona:  provide visible, animate, attentive audience
  • Student Model:  assess actions, trace student knowledge
  • Activity Selection:  decide what to do next
  • Mentor:  help relect on performance and progress
  • Hear:  number, word, oral reading, free-form speech
  • Write:  digit, letter, number, word, sentence
  • Tell:  prompt, digit, letter, number, word, sentence
  • See:  users, faces, mouths
  • Banner:  displays and controls consistent throughout
  • Session control:  start, enroll, log in, exit, pause, time out
  • Logging:  save data to use in app and analyze off-line