Michael J. Taylor
Adjunct Professor, Mechanical Engineering
Cell And Tissue Systems
2231 Technical Parkway
N. Charleston, SC 29406
EducationB.S. 1969, Coventry University, England
Ph.D. 1975, Clinical Research Centre, London, UK
Dr. Taylor's research interests include: applications of low temperature in medicine and surgery; in vitro preservation of transplantable tissues and organs; prevention of ischemic injury in vivo, with emphasis on hypothermic neuroprotection and myocardial preservation; mechanisms of cryoinjury in multicellular tissues with an emphasis on the development of ice-free methods of cryopreservation. Dr. Taylor, who is one of 19 Fellows of the International Society for Cryobiology, has over 30 years experience in the field of low-temperature biology and medicine, and is credited with more than 150 publications and patents in this field.
Dr. Taylor is Vice President for Research and Development, Cell & Tissue Systems, Inc. As specialists in cell, tissue, and organ preservation, CTS is a leading contributor to the field of Transplantation, Regenerative Medicine and Tissue Engineering. The science of biopreservation is a specialized field critically important for the supply of viable products for transplantation. The Company's cell and tissue research is studying two critical factors impacting successful preservation of biomaterials: (1) The detrimental effects of ice formation, a major technical barrier that has historically limited progress in long-term storage by cryopreservation and, (2) the use of anhydrobiosis (drying) as an alternative approach to stabilizing biological systems, preferably without the need for freezing or subzero temperatures. The research focus in organ preservation is the development of chemical solutions and perfusion machines for extended preservation of kidneys, livers, pancreas and hearts for clinical transplantation.
One of the leading causes of cryoinjury is the thermo-mechanical stress associated with freezing. In collaboration with Profs. Yoed Rabin and Paul Steif of the Department of Mechanical Engineering at CMU, Dr. Taylor is investigating the likelihood of fracture formation during cryopreservation, with the goal of developing improved cryopreservation techniques. The current phase of this collaborative effort is focused on glass formation of cryopreservation solutions, known also as 'vitrification.'