Carnegie Mellon University

Publications

submitted | in press | 2016-present | 2010-2015 | 2005-2009 | 2000-2004 | 1999-1995    

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submitted

Degeneracy makes music and speech robust to individual differences in perception.
Jasmin, K. Dick, F., Holt, L. L., & Tierney, A. T. (submitted). bioRxiv 263079.

Generalization of dimension-based statistical learning.
Idemaru, K. & Holt, L. L. (submitted).

The development of auditory information-integration category learning.
Roark, C. L. & Holt, L. L. (submitted). https://psyarxiv.com/h8jkz/

Within-trial variability improves rule-based, not information-integration, category learning. 
Roark, C. L. & Holt, L. L. (submitted).  https://psyarxiv.com/r673v/

Nevertheless, it persists: Perceptual recalibration and normalization of speech impact different levels of representation.
Lehet, M. & Holt, L. L. (submitted). 

Normal categorical perception to syllable-like stimuli in long term and in first episode schizophrenia.
Haigh, S. M., Laher, R. M., Murphy, T. K., Coffman, B. A., Ward, K. L., Leiter-McBeth, J. R., Holt, L. L., & Salisbury, D. F. (submitted). 

Harry Potter and the sorcerer’s spectrum: the long-term average spectrum of audiobooks calibrates speech perception.
Holt, L. L. Huang, J., & Lotto, A. J. (submitted).

Vowel space and variability in infant- and adult-directed speech.
Burkinshaw, K., Curtin, S., & Holt, L. L. (submitted).

Investigating the role of variability in incidental learning of Mandarin lexical tone categories.
Lim, R. & Holt, L. L. (submitted). 

Incidental training in a videogame improves non-native speech perception and scaffolds word learning.
Liu, R. & Holt, L. L. (in revision).

The learning signal in perceptual tuning of speech: Bottom-up vs. top-down information.
Zhang, X. & Holt, L. L. (in revision).  

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in press

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2016-present

Subthalamic nucleus and sensorimotor cortex activity during speech production.
Chrabaszcz, A., Neumann W.J., Stretcu O., Lipski W., Bush A., Dastolfo-Hromack C., Wang D., Crammond D.J., Shaiman S., Dickey M.W., Holt L.L., Turner R.S., Fiez J.A., & Richardson R. M. (2019). Journal of Neuroscience, https://doi.org/10.1523/JNEUROSCI.2842-18.2019

Talker change detection: A comparison of human and machine performance.
Sharma, N. K., Ganesh, S., Ganapathy, S., & Holt, L. L. (2019). Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 145, 131-.

Simultaneous tracking of co-evolving distributional regularities in speech.
Zhang, X. & Holt, L. L. (2018). Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception & Performance,Online First Publication, October 1, 2018.

Task and distribution sampling affect auditory category learning.
Roark, C. L., & Holt, L. L. (2018). Attention, Perception & Psychophysics, online first, July 2, 2018.

Subthalamic nucleus neurons differentially encode early and late aspects of speech production.
Lipski, W., Alhourani, A., Pirnia, T., Jones, P., Dastolfo-Hromack, C., Helou, L., Crammond, D., Shaiman, S., Dickey, M., Holt, L. L., Fiez, J. A., Turner, R. & Richardson, R. (2018). Journal of Neuroscience, 38, 5620-5631.

Short-term adaptation to sound statistics is unimpaired in developmental dyslexia.
Gabay, Y., & Holt, L. L. (2018). PLoS ONE, 13(6): e0198146. Figshare.

Extensive tonotopic mapping across auditory cortex is recapitulated by spectrally-directed attention, and systematically related to cortical myeloarchitecture.
Dick, F. K., Lehet, M. I., Callaghan, M. F., Keller, T. A., Sereno, M. I.,& Holt, L. L. (2017). Journal of Neuroscience. bioRxiv, example stimulus

The Frame Problem in speech communication: Defining the dimensional space for phonetic categorization.
Lotto, A. J. & Holt, L. L. (2017). Invited contribution to appear in Topics in Speech Processes: Language Production and Perception, Festschrift in Honor of Harvey Sussman.

Dimension-based statistical learning affects both speech perception and speech production.
Lehet, M. & Holt, L. L. (2017). Cognitive Science, 41, 885–912.

Adaptive plasticity in speech perception: effects of external information and internal predictions.
Guediche, S., Fiez, J. A., & Holt, L. L. (2016). Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, 42, 1048-1059. PMC4925215.

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2010-2015

Speech perception: The view from the auditory system.
Lotto, A. J., & Holt, L. L. (2015). In G. Hickok and S. Small (Eds). The Neurobiology of Language, Academic Press, pp. 185-194.

Probabilistic category learning in Developmental Dyslexia: Evidence from feedback and paired-associate tasks.
Gabay, Y., Vakil, E., Schiff, R., & Holt, L. L. (2015). Neuropsychology, 29, 844-854. PMC4558403. 

Incidental learning of sound categories is impaired in developmental dyslexia.
Gabay, Y. & Holt, L. L. (2015). Cortex, 73, 131-143. PMC4689640.

Dimension-based statistical learning of vowels.
Liu, R. & Holt, L. L. (2015). Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, 41, 1783-1798PMC4666748.

Generalization of dimension-based statistical learning: context matters.
Idemaru, K. & Holt, L. L. (2015). Proceedings of the International Congress of Phonetic Sciences, Glasgow.

Incidental auditory category learning.
Gabay, Y, Dick, F. K., Zevin, J., & Holt, L. L. (2015). Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, 41, 1124-1138. PMC4516559.

Discovering functional units in continuous speech.
Lim, S. -J., Lacerda, F. & Holt, L. L. (2015). Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, 41, 1139-1152. Supplementary Materials. PMC4601578.

Impaired statistical learning in developmental dyslexia.
Gabay, Y., Thiessen, E. D., & Holt, L. L. (2015). Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, 58, 934-945. PMC4490081.

Representation of women in Cognition.
Klatzky, R., Holt, L. L. & Behrmann, M. (2015). Cognition, 141, 170-171.

How may the basal ganglia contribute to auditory categorization and speech perception?
Lim, S. –J., Fiez, J. A., & Holt, L. L. (2014). Frontiers in Neuroscience, 8, 230. PMC4117994.

Phonetic category recalibration: What are the categories?
Reinisch, E., Wozny, D. R., Mitterer, H., & Holt, L. L. (2014). Journal of Phonetics, 45, 91-105. PMC4052890.

Commentary: The alluring but misleading analogy between mirror neurons and the motor theory of speech.
Holt, L. L. & Lotto, A. J. (2014). Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 37, 204-205.

Evidence for cerebellar contributions to adaptive plasticity in speech perception.
Guediche, S., Holt, L. L., Laurent, P., Lim, S. –J., & Fiez, J. (2014). Cerebral Cortex, 25, 1867-1877. PMC4481605.

Specificity of dimension-based statistical learning in word recognition.
Idemaru, K. & Holt, L. L. (2014). Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception & Performance, 40, 1009-21. PMC4241634.

Speech perception under adverse conditions: Insights from behavioral, computational, and neuroscience research.
Guediche, S., Blumstein, S., Fiez, J. A. & Holt, L. L. (2014). Frontiers in Systems Neuroscience, 7, 126. PMC3879477.

Supporting research into sound and speech learning through a configurable computer game.
Kimball, G., Cano, R., Feng, J., Feng, L., Hampson, E., Li, E., Christel, M. G., Holt, L. L., Lim, S.-J., Liu, R., Lehet, M. (2013). Proceedings of the IEEE Games Innovation Conference (IGIC).

Lexicall Guided Phonetic Retuning of Foreign-Accented Speech and Its Generalizatoin                                    Reinisch, E. & Holt, L. L. (2014). Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception & Performance, 40, 539-55PMC3962813.

 

Spectral information in nonspeech contexts influences children’s categorization of ambiguous speech sounds.
Hufnagle, D. G., Holt, L. L. & Thiessen, E. (2013). Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 116, 728-737. PMC3775975.

The long developmental trajectory of children’s perception and production of English /r/-/l/.
Idemaru, K. & Holt, L. L. (2013). Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 133, 4232-4246. PMC3689790.

Relative duration or absolute duration? Cue weighting in the perception and production of Japanese stops length distinction.
Idemaru, K., Holt, L. L., & Seltman, H. (2012). Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 132, 3950-3964. PMC3528741.

Tuned with a tune: Talker normalization via general auditory processes.
Laing, E. J. C., Liu, R., Lotto, A. J., & Holt, L. L. (2012). Frontiers in Psychology, 3, 203. PMC3381219.

Listening for the norm: Adaptive coding in speech categorization.
Huang, J. & Holt, L. L. (2012). Frontiers in Psychology, 3, 10. PMC3272641.

Word recognition reflects dimension-based statistical learning.
Idemaru, K. & Holt, L. L. (2011). Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception & Performance, 37, 1939-1956. PMC3285244.

Can native Japanese listeners learn to differentiate /r-l/ on the basis of F3 onset frequency?
Ingvalson, E. M., Holt, L. L., & McClelland, J. L. (2011). Bilingualism: Language and Cognition, 15, 255-274. PMC3538861.

Learning foreign sounds in an alien world: Videogame training improves non-native speech categorization.
Lim, S. –J. & Holt, L. L. (2011). Cognitive Science, 35, 1390-1405. PMC3166392.

Generalization of dimension-based statistical learning.
Holt, L. L. & Idemaru, K. (2011). Proceedings of the International Congress of Phonetic Sciences, Hong Kong, 2011.

Production and perception of English /l/ and/r/ by 4-, 5- and 8-year-old children.
Idemaru, K. & Holt, L. L. (2011). Proceedings of the International Congress of Phonetic Sciences, Hong Kong, 2011.

Perception-production relationships for /r-l/ by native Japanese speakers.
Ingvalson, E. & Holt, L. L. (2011). Proceedings of the International Congress of Phonetic Sciences, Hong Kong, 2011.

How perceptual and cognitive constraints affect learning of speech categories.
Holt L. (2011). In Abigail Cohn, Cécile Fougeron and Marie Huffman(Eds.), Handbook of Laboratory Phonology, Oxford University Press.

Changes in mismatch negativity reflecting the acquisition of complex, non-speech auditory categories.
Liu, R. & Holt, L. L. (2011). Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 23, 683-698. PMC2945418.

Predicting native English-like performance by native Japanese speakers.
Ingvalson, E., McClelland, J. L., & Holt, L. L. (2011). Journal of Phonetics, 39, 571-584. PMC3196605.

A standard set of American-English voiced stop consonant stimuli from morphed natural speech.
Stephens, J. D. W., & Holt, L. L. (2011). Speech Communication, 53, 877–888. PMC3110698.

Evidence for the central origin of lexical tone normalization (L).
Huang, J. & Holt, L. L. (2011). Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 129, 1145-1148. PMC3078024.

Learning novel artificial visual cues for use in speech identification.
Stephens, J. D. W. & Holt, L. L (2010). Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 128, 2138-2149. PMC2981124.

Speech perception as categorization.
Holt, L. L. & Lotto, A. J. (2010). Attention, Perception & Psychophysics, 72, 1218-1227. PMC2921848.

Psychology of auditory perception.
Lotto, A. J. & Holt, L. L. (2010). Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews: Cognitive Science, John Wiley & Sons, Inc.

Speech Perception.
Holt, L. L. & Idemaru, K. (2010). In Irving B. Weiner & W. Edward Craighead, (Eds.), Corsini’s Encyclopedia of Psychology, Fourth Edition. Wiley.

Psychophysics of Speech.
Holt, L. L. (2010). In P. Hogan, (Ed), Cambridge Encyclopedia of the Language Sciences. University of Connecticut.

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2005-2009

General perceptual contributions to lexical tone normalization.
Huang, J. & Holt, L. L. (2009). Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 125, 3983-3994. PMC2806435.

Expertise with artificial non-speech sounds recruits speech-sensitive cortical regions.
Leech, R., Holt, L. L., Devlin, J. T., Dick, F. (2009). Journal of Neuroscience, 29, 5234 –5239. PMC2747609. Supplemental Figure.

Reflections on mirror neurons and speech perception.
Lotto, A. J., Hickok, G. S., & Holt, L. L. (2009). Trends in Cognitive Science, 13, 110-114. PMC2921844.

Response to Wilson: What does motor cortex contribute to speech perception?
Hickok, G., Holt, L. L. & Lotto, A. J. (2009). Trends in Cognitive Sciences, 13, 330-331.

Efficient coding in human auditory perception.
Ming, V. & Holt, L. L. (2009). Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 126, 1312-1320. PMC2809690.

Speech Perception: Adult.
Holt, L. L. (2008). In Larry R. Squire, Editor-In-Chief, Encyclopedia of Neuroscience, Vol. 9, Academic Press, Oxford.

Speech perception within an auditory cognitive science framework.
Holt, L. L. & Lotto, A. J. (2008). Current Directions in Psychological Science, 17, 42-46. PMC2593873.

Effects of attention on the strength of lexical influences on speech perception: Behavioral experiments and computational mechanisms.
Mirman, D., McClelland, J. L., Holt, L. L., & Magnuson, J. S. (2008). Cognitive Science, 32, 398-417. PMC2396758.

Relational timing or absolute duration? Cue weighting in the perception of Japanese singleton-geminate stops.
Idemaru, K. & Holt, L. L. (2007). International Congress of Phonetic Sciences.

Speech categorization in context: joint effects of non-speech and speech precursors.
Holt, L. L. (2006). Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 119, 4016-4026.

The mean matters: Effects of statistically-defined non-speech spectral distributions on speech categorization.
Holt, L. L. (2006). Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 120, 2801-2817.

Cue weighting in auditory categorization: Implications for first and second language acquisition.
Holt, L. L. & Lotto, A. J. (2006). Journal of the Acoustical Society of America , 119, 3059-3071.

Putting phonetic context effects into context: A commentary on Fowler (2006).
Lotto, A. J. & Holt, L. L. (2006). Perception & Psychophysics, 68, 178-183.

Are there interactive processes in speech perception?
McClelland, J. L., Mirman, D., & Holt, L. L. (2006). Trends in Cognitive Sciences, 10, 363-369.

Response to McQueen et al.: Theoretical and empirical arguments support interactive processing.
Mirman, D., McClelland, J. L., & Holt, L. L. (2006). Trends in Cognitive Sciences, 10, 534.

Attentional modulation of lexical effects on speech perception: Computational and behavioral experiments.
Mirman, D., McClelland, J. L., & Holt, L. L. (2006). Proceedings of the 28th Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society.

Interactive activation and Hebbian learning produce lexically guided tuning of speech perception.
Mirman, D., McClelland, J. L. & Holt, L. L. (2006). Psychonomic Bulletin and Review, 13, 958-965.

Temporally non-adjacent non-linguistic sounds affect speech categorization.
Holt, L. L. (2005). Psychological Science, 16, 305-312.

A critical evaluation of visually-moderated phonetic context effects.
Holt, L. L., Stephens, J. D., & Lotto, A. J. (2005). Perception & Psychophysics, 67, 1102-1112.

Contributions of nonhuman animal models to understanding human speech perception. Kluender, K. R., Lotto, A. J., & Holt, L. L. (2005). In S. Greenberg and W. Ainsworth (Eds.) Listening to Speech: An Auditory Perspective, Oxford University Press: New York, NY.

Computational and behavioral investigations of lexically induced delays in phoneme recognition.
Mirman, D., McClelland, J. M., & Holt, L. L. (2005). Journal of Memory and Language, 52, 424-443.

Perceptual effects of preceding non-speech rate on temporal properties of speech categories.
Wade, T. & Holt, L. L. (2005c). Perception & Psychophysics, 67, 939-950.

Incidental categorization of spectrally complex non-invariant auditory stimuli in a computer game task.
Wade, T. & Holt, L. L. (2005b). Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 118, 2618-2633.

Effects of later-occurring non-linguistic sounds on speech categorization.
Wade, T. & Holt, L. L. (2005a). Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 118, 1701-1710.

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2000-2004

Speech perception.
Diehl, R. L., Lotto, A. J. & Holt, L. L. (2004). Annual Review of Psychology, 55, 149-179.

Auditory discontinuities interact with categorization: Implications for speech perception.
Holt, L. L., Lotto, A. J., & Diehl, R. L. (2004). Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 116, 1763-1773.

Non-linguistic sentence-length precursors affect speech perception: implications for speaker and rate normalization.
Holt, L. L. & Wade, T. (2004). Proceedings of From Sound to Sense: Fifty+ Years of Discoveries in Speech Communication.

Modeling interactive language learning: Project presentation.
Lacerda, F., Sundberg, U., Carlson, R. & Holt, L. L. (2004). Proceedings of FONETIK 2004.

Categorization and discrimination of non-speech sounds: Differences between steady-state and rapidly-changing acoustic cues.
Mirman, D., Holt, L. L. & McClelland, J. M. (2004). Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 116, 1198-1207.

Hemispheric asymmetries in children’s perception of nonlinguistic human affective sounds.
Pollak, S. D., Holt, L. L. & Wismer Fries, A. B. (2004). Developmental Science, 7, 10-18.

Central locus for non-speech effects on phonetic identification.
Lotto, A. J., Sullivan, S. C., & Holt, L. L. (2003). Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 113, 53-56.

Preceding phonetic context affects perception of nonspeech.
Stephens, J. D. W., & Holt, L. L. (2003).Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 114, 3036-3039. 

Behavioral examinations of the level of auditory processing of speech context effects.
Holt, L. L., & Lotto, A. J. (2002).Hearing Research, 167, 156-169.

Influence of fundamental frequency on stop-consonant voicing perception: A case of learned covariation or auditory enhancement?
Holt, L. L., Lotto, A. J., & Kluender, K. R. (2001). Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 109, 764-774.

General auditory processes contribute to perceptual accommodation of coarticulation.
Holt, L. L. & Kluender, K. R. (2000). Phonetica, 57, 170-180.

Neighboring spectral content influences vowel identification.
Holt, L. L., Lotto, A. J., & Kluender, K. R. (2000). Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 108, 710-722.

The illusion of the phoneme.
Lotto, A. J. & Holt, L. L. (2000). In S. J. Billings, J. P. Boyle, & A. M. Griffith (Eds.), Chicago Linguistic Society, Volume 35: The Panels. Chicago: Chicago Linguistic Society, 191-204.

Effects of language experience on organization of vowel sounds.
Lotto, A. J., Kluender, K. R., & Holt, L. L. (2000). In M. Broe & J. Pierrehumbert (Eds.), Laboratory Phonology V: Language Acquisition and the Lexicon. Cambridge University Press: Cambridge, 219-228.

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1995-1999

Incorporating principles of general learning in theories of language acquisition.
Holt, L. L., Lotto, A. J., & Kluender, K. R. (1998). In M. Gruber, C. Derrick Higgins, K. S. Olson & T. Wysocki (Eds.), Chicago Linguistic Society, Volume 34: The Panels. Chicago: Chicago Linguistic Society, 253-268.

Role of experience for language-specific functional mappings for vowel sounds.
Kluender, K. R., Lotto, A. J., Holt, L. L., & Bloedel, S. B. (1998). Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 104, 3568-3582.

Depolarizing the perceptual magnet effect.
Lotto, A. J., Kluender, K. R., & Holt, L. L. (1998). Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 103, 3648-3655.

Animal models of speech perception phenomena.
Lotto, A. J., Kluender, K. R., & Holt, L. L. (1997). In K. Singer, R. Eggert, & G. Anderson (Eds.), Chicago Linguistic Society, Volume 33, 357-367, Chicago Linguistic Society: Chicago, IL.

Effect of voice quality on perceived height of English vowels.
Lotto, A. J., Kluender, K. R., & Holt, L. L. (1997b). Phonetica, 54, 76-93.

Perceptual compensation for coarticulation by Japanese quail (Coturnix coturnix japonica).
Lotto, A. J., Kluender, K. R., & Holt, L. L. (1997a). Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 102, 1134-1140.

Effect of voice quality on the tense/lax distinction for English vowels.
Kluender, K. R., Lotto, A. J., & Holt, L. L. (1995). Proceedings of the International Congress of Phonetic Sciences, 4, 164-167.

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