Explore Strategies - Teaching Excellence & Educational Innovation - Carnegie Mellon University

Step 3: Explore Strategies

Explore potential strategies.

My students don’t participate in discussion.

Students did not complete the assignment.

Students didn’t complete the reading in advance of class, and hence they cannot effectively participate in the discussion because they can’t provide factual information, analysis, or evaluation of the argument, or an alternative perspective. While reading is necessary but not sufficient to assure participation in discussions, students who do not read cannot provide meaningful contributions to the discussion.

For a more complete discussion of why students don’t keep up with the readings and strategies to address this problem, see the lament “My students don’t keep up with the reading”.


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learning principles

  1. Students’ prior knowledge can help or hinder learning. MORE>
  2. How students organize knowledge influences how they learn and apply what they know. MORE>
  3. Students’ motivation determines, directs, and sustains what they do to learn. MORE>
  4. To develop mastery, students must acquire component skills, practice integrating them, and know when to apply what they have learned. MORE>
  5. Goal-directed practice coupled with targeted feedback enhances the quality of students’ learning. MORE>
  6. Students’ current level of development interacts with the social, emotional, and intellectual climate of the course to impact learning. MORE>
  7. To become self-directed learners, students must learn to monitor and adjust their approaches to learning. MORE>