Students performed poorly on an exam - Teaching Excellence & Educational Innovation - Carnegie Mellon University

Step 2: Identify Reasons

Identify possible reasons for the problem you have selected.
To find the most effective strategies, select the reason that best describes your situation, keeping in mind there may be multiple relevant reasons.

Students performed poorly on an exam.

Exam was not aligned with instructional activities.

Exam questions or instructions are ambiguous or confusing.

Students don’t have enough time to thoughtfully complete the exam.

Students lack effective exam-taking strategies.

Students suffer from some form of anxiety or stereotype.

Format of exam was unfamiliar.

Students didn’t prepare appropriately.

Students lack pre-requisite knowledge and skills.

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learning principles

  1. Students’ prior knowledge can help or hinder learning. MORE>
  2. How students organize knowledge influences how they learn and apply what they know. MORE>
  3. Students’ motivation determines, directs, and sustains what they do to learn. MORE>
  4. To develop mastery, students must acquire component skills, practice integrating them, and know when to apply what they have learned. MORE>
  5. Goal-directed practice coupled with targeted feedback enhances the quality of students’ learning. MORE>
  6. Students’ current level of development interacts with the social, emotional, and intellectual climate of the course to impact learning. MORE>
  7. To become self-directed learners, students must learn to monitor and adjust their approaches to learning. MORE>