Explore Strategies-Teaching Excellence & Educational Innovation - Carnegie Mellon University

Step 3: Explore Strategies

Explore potential strategies.

My students don’t come to lecture.

The lecture reiterates what is in the textbook, and since many students learn more effectively from reading than listening because they can read at their own pace, re-read if confused, etc., they opt to do that rather than attend lecture.


Use class time to complement the reading.

For example, during lecture you can expand on the reading, provide alternative examples or perspectives, or have students engage in some way with the material (e.g., generate their own example of a concept they read about; solve a more complex problem using the strategies introduced in the reading; identify a real world application of a theory).

Expose students to experience(s) they would not typically have access to.

For example, bring in a guest lecturer, conduct a demonstration, or share recent innovations, discoveries, or breakthroughs that are just emerging in the field.

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learning principles

  1. Students’ prior knowledge can help or hinder learning. MORE>
  2. How students organize knowledge influences how they learn and apply what they know. MORE>
  3. Students’ motivation determines, directs, and sustains what they do to learn. MORE>
  4. To develop mastery, students must acquire component skills, practice integrating them, and know when to apply what they have learned. MORE>
  5. Goal-directed practice coupled with targeted feedback enhances the quality of students’ learning. MORE>
  6. Students’ current level of development interacts with the social, emotional, and intellectual climate of the course to impact learning. MORE>
  7. To become self-directed learners, students must learn to monitor and adjust their approaches to learning. MORE>