Carnegie Mellon University

Quoting Sources

Responsibly using quotations can help establish your credibility; however, writers sometimes don’t know how to use quotations in a compelling way. Sometimes, they think the quote’s meaning is self-evident; however, if writers don’t help readers interpret quotes, the points that we think we have made may be lost.

This handout will explain the “quotation sandwich” — four steps that help bolster your argument with source material:

  • Present your argument
  • Introduce a quotation
  • Place your quote
  • Interpret the quotation

To see these strategies in action, click the link in the sidebar to view, download, and print the PDF.

Need help showing how another scholar’s work connects to yours? Schedule an appointment with one of our consultants now!

Schedule an Appointment