Carnegie Mellon University

Citing Sources (Citations and References)

Each discipline has its own set of values, which is often reflected in the way authors cite information. Inline citations can vary greatly from discipline to discipline, ranging from detailed (as in APA or MLA) to merely an numbered, indexed reference (as in IEEE).

This handout features several examples that illustrate:

  • How a given concept is appropriately cited in MLA, APA, and IEEE citations;
  • How to appropriately format references on your Works Cited or References page.

To see these strategies in action, click the link in the sidebar to view, download, and print the PDF.

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