Carnegie Mellon University

Unmitigated Communion.  This instrument measures an extreme orientation

toward others.  It consists of becoming overly involved in others' problems

and self-neglect.

Unmitigated Communion Scale [pdf]

Benefit-Finding.  This instrument measures the positive effects of a

traumatic or stressful life event.

Benefit Finding Scale [pdf]

Cognitive Adaptation Index.  Consistent with cognitive adaptation theory,

this index measures the three components:  mastery, self-esteem, optimism.

Cognitive Adaptation Scale [pdf]