Carnegie Mellon Robot to Prove It's Got What It Takes To Enter $2 Million Desert Race
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Carnegie Mellon Robot to Prove It's Got What It Takes To Enter $2 Million Desert Race

On May 5, Carnegie Mellon University's H1ghlander robot will demonstrate that it has the skills to compete in the 2005 Grand Challenge, a driverless rumble through 175 miles of hostile desert terrain, including mountains, gullies and dry lakebeds, for a $2-million prize.

The DARPA-sponsored, winner-take-all race will take place on Oct. 8, 2005, but the contestants must prove their worthiness long before that date.

H1ghlander, developed by Carnegie Mellon's Red Team, will be tested by DARPA evaluators in Pittsburgh at the site of the former LTV Steelworks in Hazelwood, from 8:30 to 11 a.m. on May 5. One hundred-eighteen teams are hosting similar evaluations, but only 40 will advance to the next level of competition. H1ghlander is entered in the competition under the auspices of Red Team Too, led collaboratively by Kevin Peterson and Red Whittaker.

DARPA officials will evaluate H1ghlander's ability to navigate among waypoints, stay within course boundaries and avoid randomly placed obstacles.
Machines are on their own in the Grand Challenge. They must be able to sense and drive autonomously by computing where and how to drive. H1ghlander does it with seven Intel Pentium-M's and a 64-bit Itanium-2 computer housed inside its body. They process terrain models, plan routes and direct H1ghlander's driving to avoid hazards. H1ghlander maps terrain with seven laser range scanners, four stereo cameras and two radar sensors. Some of these are mounted on a gimbal, which operates like an animal's neck to stabilize and point the sensors. The gimbal is a collaborative development with Red Team sponsors HD Systems, Philips and KVH.

H1ghlander will use these combined technologies to run four skill events on May 5 to advance or be eliminated from the race. Race officials will evaluate H1ghlander's performance in three timed 200-meter runs that will test its ability to navigate among waypoints, stay within course boundaries and avoid randomly placed obstacles. A 1,000-meter freestyle run will maneuver an underpass, steer through hairpin curves and follow trails and roads.

H1ghlander is built on a 1999 HUMMER chassis donated by AM General Corp. Electronics from Caterpillar, Inc., control the speed, regulate tire inflation and govern steering. An HD Systems actuator brakes H1ghlander. TTTech controllers regulate the brakes, shift the transmission and shift the transfer case. Caterpillar's MorElectric system generates and distributes power to computers, sensors and actuators. Applanix technology estimates H1ghlander's location by combining inertial, GPS and odometry data.

Sandstorm set a record for speed and distance in the first Grand Challenge last year. Sandstorm is practicing in Nevada for its site visit sometime in May.
The ambition of Carnegie Mellon's Red Team is to put two machines on the Grand Challenge starting line and one in the winner's circle. Last year, in the first Grand Challenge, the Red Team entered a Humvee named Sandstorm, which set a record for speed and distance, but did not win the race. Sandstorm is currently practicing in Nevada for its site visit there sometime in May.

The Red Team is sponsored by an alliance that includes Caterpillar, Google and AM General, among many others. The team is united to catalyze new technology, inspire the world and build leaders of tomorrow.

Results of the Pittsburgh site visit will be announced on June 1.

According to Red Team Leader William "Red" Whittaker, "You can't win if you can't start, and you can't start this race just because you want to. Robots have to earn their way to the starting line. Thursday's evaluation is put-up or shut-up."

Spectators are welcome. Gates close at 8:25 a.m.; spectators must arrive by 8:25 and be seated by 8:30 a.m. Due to the nature of the demonstration, visitors are asked to stay through the entire event. Entrance gate location: Take the Boulevard of the Allies heading toward downtown Pittsburgh to Parkview Avenue. Make a left onto Parkview and another left onto Swinburne St. Follow it down the hill and across the bridge to Greenfield Avenue. Make a right onto Greenfield. At the light make a left onto Irvine St. Go one mile to the light at Hazelwood Ave. Make a right across the railroad tracks. The gate to the site will be in front of you. From downtown Pittsburgh, take Second Avenue to the underpass at the bottom of Greenfield Ave. Make a right beneath the underpass onto Irvine St. Follow Irvine to Hazelwood Avenue. Follow above instructions.

The event will also be Web cast via Windows Media Player, which can be downloaded free from and can run on any operating system. The URL for the Web cast is mms://

To attend this event or for more information on the Red Team and the H1ghlander robot, see You may also contact Michele Gittleman at 412-268-6556.

For more information on Red Team sponsorship, see:

For more information on the Grand Challenge, see:

Anne Watzman
April 29, 2005

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