Inês Azevedo -Engineering and Public Policy - Carnegie Mellon University

Inês Azevedo

Professor, Engineering and Public Policy

Co-Director, Center for Climate and Energy Decision Making

Department of Engineering and Public Policy
Carnegie Mellon University
5000 Forbes Avenue
Pittsburgh, PA 15213
Office: Baker Hall 129F
Phone: (412) 268-3754
Research Interests: Energy and Climate Policy


  • Associate Professor, Carnegie Mellon University 2014-present
  • Assistant Professor, Carnegie Mellon University 2013
  • Assistant Research Professor, Carnegie Mellon University 2010-2013


  • PhD in Engineering and Public Policy, CMU, 2009
  • M.Sc. in Engineering Policy and Management of Technology, IST, Portugal, 2009
  • B.Sc & M.Sc. (5-year degree) in Environmental Engineering, IST, Portugal, 2004


Dr. Azevedo’s research interests lie at the intersection of environmental, technical, and economic issues, such as how to address the challenge of climate change and to move towards a more sustainable energy system. She tackles complex problems in which traditional engineering plays an important role but cannot provide a complete answer. In particular, she has been looking at how energy systems are likely to be shaped in the future, which requires comprehensive knowledge not only of the technologies that can address future energy needs but also of the decision-making process followed by different agents in the economy. Dr. Azevedo has also been working on assessing how specific policies will shape future energy systems, especially in a carbon-constrained world.


Recent Publications

  1. Tong, F., Azevedo, I.L., Jaramillo, P., (2015). A Comparison of life cycle greenhouse gases from natural gas pathways for medium and heavy-duty vehicles, Environmental Science & Technology, 49, 7123−7133. [link]
  2. Tamayao, M., Michalek, J., Hendrickson, C., Azevedo I.L., (2015). Regional variability and uncertainty of electric vehicle life cycle CO2 emissions across the United States, Environmental Science & Technology,  49 (14), pp 8844–8855. [link
  3. Jenn, A., Azevedo, I.L.*, Fischbeck, P., (2015). How do we fund our roads? A case of decreasing revenue from electric vehicles,  Journal of Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, 74, 136–147. [link]
  4. Hittinger, E., Azevedo, I.L., (2015). Bulk Energy Storage Increases US Electricity System Emissions, Environmental Science & Technology, 49 (5), 3203-3210. [link]
  5. Posen, I.D., Griffin, W.M., Matthews, H.S., Azevedo, I.L., (2015). Changing the Renewable Fuel Standard to a Renewable Material Standard: Bio-Ethylene Case Study, Environmental Science & Technology, 2015, 49 (1), pp 93–102.[link]
  6. Prasad, S., Abdulla, A., Morgan, M.G.M., Azevedo, I.L., (2015). Nonproliferation Improvements and Challenges Presented by Small Modular Reactors, Progress in Nuclear Energy 80, 102-109. [link]
  7. Min, J., Azevedo, I.L.*, Hakkarainen, P., (2015). Net carbon emissions savings and energy reductions from lighting energy efficiency measures when accounting for changes in heating and cooling demands: a regional comparison, Applied Energy, Volume 141, 1, March 2015, Pages 12–18. [link]
  8. Gilbraith, N., Azevedo, I.L.*, Jaramillo, P., (2014). Regional energy and GHG savings from building codes across the United States, Environmental Science & Technology, Volume 48, Issue 24, pp 14121–14130.[link]
  9. Azevedo, I.L.* (2014) Energy efficiency and rebound effects: a review, Annual Reviews of Environment and Resources, Volume 39. [link]
  10. National Research Council (2014) report on “Assessment of Technologies for Reducing the Fuel Consumption of Medium- and Heavy-Duty Vehicles (author and committee member).
  11. Pena-Cabra, I., Azevedo, I.L*., (2014) Economics analysis on the profitability of wind in Portugal between 1992 and 2010, Energy Economics, 45: 353–363. [link]
  12. Thomas, B.A., Hausfather, Z., Azevedo, I. L.*, (2014). Comparing the magnitude of residential rebound effects from electric end-use efficiency across the United States, Environmental Research Letters, 9 (7). [link]
  13. Thomas, B., Azevedo, I.L.*, (2014). Should policy-makers allocate funding to vehicle electrification or end-use energy efficiency as a strategy for climate change mitigation and energy reductions? Rethinking electric utilities efficiency programs. Energy Policy, 67: 28-26. [link]
  14. Lamy, J., Azevedo, I.L., Jaramillo, P., (2014). The role of energy storage in accessing remote wind resources in the Midwest, Energy Policy, 68: 123-131. [link]
  15. Min, J., Azevedo, I. L.*, Michalek, J., Bruine de Bruin, W., (2014). Labeling energy cost on light bulbs lowers implicit discount rates, Ecological Economics, 97: 42–50. [link]