Carnegie Mellon University

Francis C. McMichael

Francis C. McMichael

Walter J. Blenko, Sr. Professor of Environmental Engineering

Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering
Carnegie Mellon University
5000 Forbes Avenue
Pittsburgh, PA 15213


  • Carnegie Mellon, 1967-


  • Ph.D. (Civil Engineering, Minor in Geophysics) 1963, California Institute of Technology
  • M.S. (Geophysics) 1959, California Institute of Technology
  • B.S. (Mining Engineering) 1958, Lehigh University


Professor McMichael has worked extensively on applying material and energy-balance approaches to the study of environmental problems. In recent work he has applied concurrent engineering concepts to the design of products and processes to mitigate environmental impacts over their life cycle. Professor McMichael is developing methodologies and design advisors for process engineering, such as size reduction and materials separation for products such as automobiles, computers, consumer durables, and electronics.

Another current area of interest involves the management of residue from automobile shredders. An increasing weight fraction of the shredded hulk of a modern automobile is deemed a hazardous or special waste. Techno-economic investigation of alternative processes address finding value in recovered materials, reducing the cost of disposal, and mitigating the environmental impact of residuals.


  1. F. C. McMichael and C. Hendrickson, "Recycling Batteries," IEEE Spectrum, vol. 35, no. 2, 1998.
  2. C. T. Hendrickson, A. Horvath, S. Joshi, M. Klausner, L. B. Lave and F. C. McMichael, "Comparing Two Life Cycle Assessment Approaches: A Process Model vs. Economic Input-Output Based Assessment," Proc. IEEE International Symposium on Electronics and the Environment, San Francisco, CA, 1997.
  3. L. C. Lave, C. Hendrickson and F. C. McMichael, "Environmental Implications of Electric Vehicles," Science, vol. 268,- pp. 993-995, 1995. Reprinted in H. Kukuck (ed./Hg.),StromDiskussion, The Future of the Electric Vehicle, Informationien zur Elecktrizitat, Frankfurt, Germany, 1996.

Research Interests

Environmental engineering; engineering economics; solid and hazardous waste management; green design and industrial ecology; source reduction and recycling; uncertainty and risk analysis.