Assistant Professor, Psychology
BioI am broadly interested in understanding the mechanisms underlying the development and maintenance of addiction, as well as identifying those who may be particularly vulnerable to addiction. More specifically, my research focuses on uncovering basic affective and cognitive mechanisms of cigarette craving, emphasizes the importance of social and biological/personality factors in the etiology and maintenance of alcohol and tobacco use disorders, and considers the role of gene by environment (G x E) interactions in predicting alcohol misuse and cigarette smoking. I use experimental methodologies, including in vivo smoking cue exposure paradigms and alcohol administration protocols, which allow precise observations of social and emotional processing under conditions modeling real-world contexts that challenge successful self-regulation (e.g., while participants are intoxicated or experiencing strong cravings). I also use longitudinal designs with large clinical samples to specify the mechanisms by which individuals fail to self-regulate and to identify individuals at risk to develop addiction. This information not only can inform the prevention and treatment of addictive disorders, but it also offers insights into basic aspects of human emotion and social functioning.
PublicationsCreswell, K.G., Bachrach, R.L., Wright, A.G.C., Pinto, A., & Ansell, E. (in press). Predicting problematic alcohol use with the DSM-5 alternative model of personality pathology. Personality Disorders: Treatment, Research, and Theory.
Creswell, K.G., Chung, T., Wright, A.G.C., Black, J.J., Clark, D.B., & Martin, C.S. (2015). Personality, negative affect coping, and drinking alone: A structural equation modeling approach to examine correlates of adolescent solitary drinking. Addiction, 110(5), 775-783.
Creswell, K.G., Wright, A.G.C., Troxel, W.M., Ferrell, R.E., Flory, J.D., & Manuck, S.B. (2015). OXTR polymorphism predicts social relationships through its effects on social temperament. Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience, 10, 869-876.
Creswell, K.G., Cheng, Y., & Levine, M.D. (2015). A test of the stress-buffering model of social support in smoking cessation: is the relationship between social support and time to relapse mediated by reduced withdrawal symptoms? Nicotine & Tobacco Research, 17(5), 566-571.
Creswell, K.G., Chung, T., Clark, D.B., & Martin, C.S. (2014). Solitary alcohol use in teens is associated with drinking in response to negative affect and predicts alcohol problems in young adulthood. Clinical Psychological Science, 2(5), 602-610.
Creswell, K.G., Sayette, M.A., Manuck, S.B., Ferrell, R.E., Hill, S.Y., & Dimoff, J.D. (2012). DRD4 polymorphism moderates the effect of alcohol consumption on social bonding. PLoS ONE, 7(2), e29814, 1-9.
Sayette, M.A., Creswell, K.G., Dimoff, J.D., Fairbairn, C.E., Cohn, J.F., Heckman, B.W., Kirchner, T.R., Levine, J.M., & Moreland, R.L. (2012). Alcohol and group formation: A multimodal investigation of the effects of alcohol on emotion and social bonding. Psychological Science, 23(8), 869-878.
Wilson, S.J., Creswell, K.G., Sayette, M.A., & Fiez, J.A. (2012). Ambivalence about smoking and cue-elicited neural activity in quitting-motivated smokers faced with an opportunity to smoke. Addictive Behaviors, 38(2), 1541-1549.