- M.A. in History, West Virginia University, 2013
- B.A. in Modern Languages (French and Russian), University of Bradford (UK), 1994
The role of transnational exchanges in the response to juvenile delinquency in 19th- and early 20th-century France and Russia, and the uses of nature in solving urban problems.
"Reforming the 'Innocent Culprits': The 'Mettray System' and Agricultural Colonies for Young Offenders in France and Russia, 1839-1927"
- Travel grant, Summer Research Laboratory on Russia, Eastern Europe, and Eurasia, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, 2016
- GuSH Grant, Carnegie Mellon University, 2014