September 19, 2019
Department of English Puts Spotlight on Banned Books
By Heidi OpdykeMedia Inquiries
Earlier this month a Catholic school in Nashville removed the popular Harry Potter series from its shelves, claiming that the magic spells in the book could be used to conjure spirits in the real world. This is exactly the kind of restriction on reading that librarians and humanists across the country seek to draw attention to during Banned Books Week, which begins Sept. 22.
"Every year the American Library Association tracks the number of challenges that come into school and public libraries and school curriculum," said Kathy Newman, a professor of English and literary cultural studies at Carnegie Mellon University. "Around 300-500 books are challenged annually."
Kathy Newman is a professor of English in the Dietrich College of Humanities and Social Sciences.
The 2018 list includes books such as "The Hate U Give," by Angie Thomas; the "Captain Underpants" written and illustrated by Dav Pilkey; and "A Day in the Life of Marlon Bundo," by Jill Twiss. Many classics also have been banned, such as "Frankenstein," "A Catcher in the Rye," "To Kill a Mockingbird," "A Wrinkle in Time" and "Huckleberry Finn."
"At this point in the U.S. most people don't risk their lives for what they write, but they do in some other countries," Newman said. "One of the reasons that banned books week is so important is that we need to keep a spotlight on individual as well as group attempts to restrict free speech and restrict our freedom to read. And it's by shining a spotlight, I think, that we can help to maintain the freedoms we value."
Books in the Classroom
Carnegie Mellon regularly teaches a course about banned books.
Kitty Shropshire, a doctoral student in the Department of English's Literary and Cultural Studies Program, is teaching the course this semester. She said the course is important because it allows us to see the ways in which novels and other forms of art reflect broader social issues and concerns.
"When a book becomes controversial, people attempt to stop other people from reading it - it indicates there's something in that book that is connecting to other issues," Shropshire said. "It's a way to use novels to talk about society in a broader sense."