The NIH Public Access Policy implements Division G, Title II, Section 218 of PL 110-161 (Consolidated Appropriations Act, 2008). The law states:
The Director of the National Institutes of Health shall require that all investigators funded by the NIH submit or have submitted for them to the National Library of Medicine’s PubMed Central an electronic version of their final, peer-reviewed manuscripts upon acceptance for publication, to be made publicly available no later than 12 months after the official date of publication.
Goals of the Policy
- Make the published results of taxpayer-funded research freely available to researchers, health care providers, educators, and the general public.
- Ensure the availability of a long-term archive of NIH-funded research (PubMed Central).
- Increase the accountability of NIH for how it spends taxpayer money.
Scope of the Policy
The Policy applies to all peer-reviewed journal articles. Applications, Proposals and Reports must include evidence of compliance with the NIH Public Access Policy for all applicable papers that are authored by the Principal Investigator (PI) or arose from the PI’s NIH funds.
Principal Investigators and their institutions are responsible for ensuring all terms and conditions of NIH awards are met. This includes depositing in PubMed Central all articles that arise directly from their awards, even if they are not an author or co-author of the publication. Principal Investigators and their institutions should ensure that authors are aware of and comply with the NIH Public Access Policy.