Open Access Mandates
Is open access required at Carnegie Mellon?
No. Open access is strongly encouraged at Carnegie Mellon, but not mandated. See the Faculty Senate Open Access Resolution [FIX LINK] and the Guidelines on Author Rights and Preservation [pdf].
However, CMU researchers are likely to encounter public (open) access mandates from funding bodies. When public access is required by their funding agency, CMU researchers must make their work available open access following the stipulations in the agency’s mandate. See Public Access Mandates.
Is open access mandated elsewhere?
Yes. As of April 2013, 80 funding agencies and 168 institutions have mandated open access. In the United States, the first open access mandates occurred in 2008 with the National Institutes of Health (NIH) and the Faculty of Arts and Sciences at Harvard. Mandates typically allow authors to delay open access to scholarly articles for six to twelve months after publication. The Registry of Open Access Repositories Mandatory Archiving Policies (ROARMAP) provides a list of institutional and funder mandates, with links to the repositories and the policies. The SHERPA Juliet database also provides easy access to funding body policies on open access.
In February 2013, the White House Office of Science and Technology Policy (OSTP) issued a Memorandum on Increasing Access to the Results of federally Funded Scientific Research [pdf]. The Memorandum, which went into effect immediately, requires federal agencies that fund more than $100 million in research to develop policies mandating public access and re‐use rights not only to peer‐reviewed publications arising from that funding, but to digital data arising from that funding. Draft policies must be available for review by the end of August 2013.
Also in February 2013, the Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR) [pdf] was introduced in both the House and the Senate with bipartisan support. If passed into law, FASTR will require federal agencies that fund more than $100 million in research to develop policies mandating public access and re‐use rights to peer‐reviewed publications arising from that funding.
The University Libraries prepared a table [pdf] comparing the White House directive and FASTR.
What is a CC-BY license?
How can I know if my preferred journal allows me to comply with my funder’s open access policy?
The SHERPA RoMEO database provides easy access to publisher policies on open access and information about whether they support compliance with funding agency mandates. In some cases, the publisher's default policy conflicts with funder mandates, but the publisher allows authors to comply with selected mandates. The SHERPA Juliet database provides easy access to funding body policies on open access.
What if my preferred journal does not allow me to comply with my funder’s open access policy?
Do I need to apply for open access funding in my grant application?
If your funding agency requires deposit (self-archiving) in an open access repository, then no, you do not need to apply for open access funding in your grant application. There is no fee to self-archive your work. However, if your funding agency requires or encourages open access publishing and your preferred open access publisher levies an Article Processing Charge (APC), then yes, you should apply for open access funding in your grant application. Check the journal’s website to see if your preferred open access publisher charges an APC.
Do funding agency mandates apply to my previous publications?
Check your funding agency’s public access policy for the date the mandate went into effect. The policy applies to all peer-reviewed publications arising from grant funds since the date the mandate went into effect. The mandate does not apply to work published prior to that date, though Carnegie Mellon encourages you to make all your publications available open access if the publisher allows it.
Why is open access a public policy issue?
Open access provides the broadest possible dissemination of research and yields the greatest, fastest return on investment in research. It increases use, citations, and impact, accelerating advances in the disciplines. In the United States, most research is funded by taxpayer dollars, but without open access, the public cannot easily access the results of the research they funded.
Open access is about generating and disseminating knowledge for the public good. It’s about engaging the public, earning their trust, and respecting their right to access and benefit from the fruits of higher education. It’s about democratizing knowledge, accelerating innovation, and growing the economy. It’s also about leveraging technology to contain the cost of scholarly publishing, which has been increasing annually at a rate far beyond inflation for decades.