Open Access (OA)
The term open access describes materials that are freely accessible online and easily discoverable in an Internet search. Providing open access to research and scholarship has become a worldwide movement serving the mission of higher education. Many funding agencies now require open access to publications reporting the results of federally funded research. (See Public Access Mandates.)
In response to pressure from authors, most traditional journal publishers allow authors to post open access copies of their peer-reviewed manuscripts on their websites or disciplinary or institutional repositories. Many peer-reviewed journals publish all of their content open access. Researchers and scholars are now pushing for open access to research data and open access to scholarly monographs.
Open access is strategic for Carnegie Mellon. Open access disseminates as broadly as possible works authored by the CMU community, encouraging use and increasing citations and impact. Open access also enables the CMU community to access works authored elsewhere around the world, many of which the University Libraries cannot afford to purchase.