Open Access (OA)
The term open access describes materials that are freely accessible to everyone with an Internet connection and easily discoverable in an Internet search. Providing open access to research and scholarship has become a worldwide movement serving the mission of higher education. Many funding agencies now require open access to publications reporting the results of federally funded research. See Public Access Mandates.
The open access movement initially focused on providing open access to journal articles, a practice now commonplace in some disciplines and increasingly mandated by funding agencies. Most traditional journal publishers allow authors to provide open access to their work on their websites or disciplinary or institutional repositories. Many peer-reviewed journals provide open access to their content. More recently, there is a push for open access to research data (open data) and open access to scholarly monographs.
Open access is strategic for Carnegie Mellon. Open access disseminates as broadly as possible research publications authored by the CMU community, encouraging use and increasing citations and impact. Open access also enables the CMU community to access research publications authored elsewhere around the world, many of which the University Libraries cannot afford to purchase.