Encouraging Open Access
Open access disseminates as broadly as possible research publications authored by the CMU community, encouraging use and increasing citations and impact. Open access also enables the CMU community to access research publications authored elsewhere around the world, many of which the University Libraries cannot afford to purchase. For the past decade, CMU has been actively encouraging open access:
2003 – Provost Mark Kamlet signed the Budapest Open Access Initiative Declaration. The University Libraries began to conduct research into acquiring copyright permission to digitize and provide open access to books and, in consultation with the Office of the General Counsel and the Office of Government Relations, to advocate for change in intellectual property and technology policy, including providing open access to scholarly publications arising from federally funded research.
2007 – The Faculty Senate passed the Open Access Resolution strongly encouraging CMU faculty to make their work available open access. The University Libraries and the Office of General Counsel, began the Authors’ Rights and Wrongs lecture series, later renamed the Scholarly Communications Forum. Speakers in the lecture series are often members of the CMU community. CMU faculty Joseph (Jay) Kadane, David Danks, and Barbara Johnstone participated in a Forum Panel on Open Access.
2008 – CMU faculty Jay Apt, David Dzombak, Hyung Kim, and David Yaron participated in a Forum panel on Open Access in Chemistry. The Faculty Senate passed the Central Repository Resolution encouraging the university to provide funding to create a central open access repository for research publications and encouraging faculty to deposit their work in the repository.
2009 – In response to the Central Repository Resolution, the Office of the Provost funded Research Showcase to preserve and provide open access to work produced at Carnegie Mellon. The University Libraries began participating in the annual worldwide celebration of Open Access Week.
2010 – The University Libraries released Research Showcase and formed the Scholarly Communications Committee.
2011 – Faculty publishing in BioMed Central (BMC) and Public Library of Science (PLoS) open access journals asked the University Libraries to join BMC and PLoS to receive membership discounts on Article Processing Charges (APCs) to publish open access. [FIX – link to FAQ on What are Article Processing Charges (APCs) CMU faculty Steve Feinberg and Tim Deliyannides of the University of Pittsburgh participated in a Scholarly Communications Forum on Open Access E Journals: View from the Top.
2012 – The University Libraries joined BMC and PLoS to receive membership discounts on Article Processing Charges (APCs) for campus authors publishing in BMC and PLoS (open access) journals. Faculty interested in open access and other scholarly communications issues joined the Scholarly Communications Advisory Board formed to help the University Libraries plan and prioritize initiatives, develop strategies, address federal regulations, and keep abreast of evolving disciplinary practices and faculty concerns. The Advisory Board unanimously recommended that the University Libraries create a fund to help faculty pay Article Processing Charges (APCs) to publish in open access journals, and encouraged the Libraries to draft Guidelines on Author Rights and Preservation. The Libraries drafted and began to disseminate for discussion Guidelines on Author Rights and Preservation.
2013 – The University Libraries created a fund to help faculty pay Article Processing Charges (APCs) to publish in open access journals; see Financial Support for Open Access Publishing. The Scholarly Communications Advisory Board approved the Guidelines on Author Rights and Preservation [pdf].