Public Access Mandates
Open access to research provides the broadest possible dissemination of research and yields the greatest, fastest return on the investment in research. It increases use and citations and accelerates advances in the disciplines. In the United States, most research is funded by taxpayer dollars, but without open access, the public cannot easily access the results of the research they funded.
For over a decade, many publishers have allowed authors to deposit (self-archive) their work in an open access disciplinary or institutional repository. Many authors have voluntarily deposited their work, but to maximize the return on investment in research, U.S. government agencies and other funding bodies around the world are developing public access mandates that require funded authors to provide open access to peer-reviewed publications and, more recently, digital data arising from these funds.
With the approval of CMU’s Office of Government Relations, the University Libraries actively supports legislation and directives that would require open access to publications and data arising from federal funding, and opposes legislation that would prohibit federal agencies from mandating open access to these works. The Libraries also respond to Requests for Information (RFI) about how such open access policies should be formulated and implemented. See, for example:
- Letter to the Director of the Office of Science and Technology Policy (OSTP) supporting the White House OSTP Directive [pdf] mandating free public access and reuse rights to peer‐reviewed publications and digital data arising from federally funded research. (March 20, 2013)
- Letter to Congressman Mike Doyle supporting the Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR) [pdf] mandating free public access to peer-reviewed publications arising from federally funded research. (March 11, 2013)
- Letter to Congressman Mike Doyle supporting the Federal Research Public Access Act (FRPAA) mandating free public access to peer-reviewed publications arising from federally funded research. (March 1, 2012)
- Response to the National Institutes of Health (NIH) RFI on Input into Deliberations of the Advisory Committee to the NIH Director Working Group on Data and Informatics. (March 7, 2012)
- Letter to the Committee on Government Oversight and Reform opposing the Research Works Act prohibiting federal agencies from requiring public access to publications arising from research they fund. (February 8, 2012)
- Response to the OSTP RFI on Public Access to Digital Data Resulting from Federally Funded Research. (January 12, 2012)
- Response to the OSTP Request for Information (RFI) on Public Access to Peer-Reviewed Scholarly Publications Resulting from Federally Funded Research. (December 16, 2011)