Members of the Carnegie Mellon community are expected to be honest, fair, and respectful, to place the good of the community above personal considerations, and to hold others accountable for adherence to these standards. These are the standards of academic integrity. The discovery, advancement, and communication of knowledge are not possible without academic integrity.Acting without academic integrity can lead to research misconduct:
- The fabrication, falsification, plagiarism, or other serious deviation from accepted practices in proposing, carrying out, or reporting results from research; or
- The failure, through intention or gross neglect, to comply with legal or federal requirements governing research, including the protection of researchers, human subjects, and the public.
Research misconduct is increasing at an alarming rate worldwide. Research misconduct puts careers at risk, harms the research record, distorts the research process, undermines the public trust, wastes public funds, and can adversely impact public health and safety. The cost of investigating the allegations of misconduct reported annually to the U.S. Office of Research Integrity (ORI) could exceed $110 million. See: Michalek, Hutson, Wicher, and Trump (2010), The Costs and Underappreciated Consequences of Research Misconduct: A Case Study [pdf], PLoS Medicine 7(8).