Erte Xiao-Social and Decision Sciences - Carnegie Mellon University

Erte Xiao

Assistant Professor, Social and Decision Sciences

Office: BP 319E
Phone: (412) 268-6780
Fax: (412) 268-6938
Administrative Assistant: Rosa Stipanovic
Alternate Contact: Phone: (412) 268-6971, Email:


Ph.D.:George Mason University, Economics, 2006


Psychology and economics, design and analysis of economics experiments, judgment and decision making, social norms, emotions.


Erte Xiao and Cristina Bicchieri (forthcoming) “Words or deeds: Choose what to know about others”, Synthese

Erte Xiao and Daniel Houser (2011) “Punish in Public”, Journal of Public Economics. 95, 1006–1017

Cristina Bicchieri, Erte Xiao and Ryan Muldoon (2011) “Trustworthiness is a social norm, but trusting is not ”. Politics, Philosophy and Economics, Volume 10 Issue 2.

Daniel Houser, Robert Kurzban Erte Xiao (2011) “Social and Biological Evidence on Motives for Punishment”. Neuroscience of Decision Making, ed. Oshin Vartanian and David R. Mandel, Psychology Press.

Daniel Houser and Erte Xiao (2011) “Classification of Natural Language Messages using a Coordination Game”, Experimental Economics. 14(1). 1-14 (Lead article)

David Levy, Kail Padgitt, Sandy Peart, Daniel Houser and Erte Xiao (2011). “Leadership, cheap talk, real cheap talk”, Journal of Economic Behavior and Organization. 77, 40–52

Daniel Houser and Erte Xiao, (2010) “Inequality Seeking Punishment”.  Economics Letters, 109(1), 20-23

Sarah F. Brosnan, Daniel Houser, Kristi Leimgruber, Erte Xiao, Tianwen Chen and Frans B. M. de Waal (2010) “Competing demands of prosociality and equity in monkeys”. Evolution and Human Behavior, 31(4), 279-288.

Erte Xiao and Cristina Bicchieri (2010) "When Equality Trumps Reciprocity: Evidence from a Laboratory Experiment", Journal of Economic Psychology.   31, 456-470

Daniel Houser and Erte Xiao, (2010) “Understanding Context Effects”. Journal of Economic Behavior and Organization.73(1), 58-61

Jian Li, Erte Xiao, Daniel Houser and Read Montague. (2009)  “Neurocorrelates of sanction threats in two-party economic exchange,” Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. September 29, vol. 106 no. 39, 16835-16840

Cristina Bicchieri and Erte Xiao. (2009). “Do the right thing: But only if others do so”, Journal of Behavioral Decision Making. 22(2), 191-208.

Daniel Houser, Barbara Sands and Erte Xiao. (2009) “Three Parts Natural, Seven Parts Man Made: Bayesian Analysis of China’s Great Leap Forward Demographic Disaster”, Journal of Economic Behavior and Organization. 69, 148–159.

Erte Xiao and Daniel Houser (2009) “Avoiding the sharp tongue: Anticipated written messages promote fair economic exchange” Journal of Economic Psychology. 30(3), 393-404

Erte Xiao (2008) “Emotion expression, decision making and well-being”. In Advances in Health Economics and Health Services Research, Vol. 20: Neuroeconomics, Daniel Houser and Kevin McCabe(Eds), Elsevier. p161-178.

Daniel Houser, Erte Xiao, Kevin McCabe and Vernon Smith (2008). “When punishment fails: Research on sanctions, intentions and non-cooperation,” Games and Economic Behavior. 62(2), 509-532.

Daniel Houser, Daniel Schunk and Erte Xiao (2007) “Combining Brain and Behavioral Data to Improve Econometric Policy Analysis” with, Analyse & Kritik 29, p. 86-96.

Erte Xiao and Daniel Houser (2005) “Emotion expression in human punishment behavior,” with Daniel Houser. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 102(20), 7398-7401.
*Reprinted in Advances in Cognitive Economics, Boicho Kokinov (Ed.), New Bulgarian University Press, Bulgaria (2006)
*Reprinted in The New Behavioral Economics, Elias Khalil (Ed.), Edward Elgar Press (2009)

Zhenhua Hu and Erte Xiao (2000) “Institutional Risk in China’s Closed-end Funds”, Inquiry into Economic Problems, 2000, vol2 (In Chinese)

Working Papers

Erte Xiao "Profit seeking punishment corrupts norm obedience" (Revision requested by Games and Economic Behavior)

Daniel Houser, Daniel Schunk, Joachim Winter and Erte Xiao “ Temptation, Commitment and Self-control in the Laboratory”.  (Revision requested by Games and Economic Behavior)

Lingfang(Ivy) Li and Erte Xiao "Money Talks? An Experimental Study of Rebate in Reputation System Design" (Revision requested by Management Science)

Fangfang Tan and Erte Xiao “Peer punishment with third party approval in a social dilemma game” (R&R Economics Letters)

Erte Xiao and Howard Kunreuther. "Punishment and Cooperation in Stochastic Prisoner’s Dilemma Game" (under review)

Erte Xiao “Justification and Cooperation”

Daniel Houser, David M. Levy, Kail Padgitt, Sandra J. Peart, Erte Xiao. “Doing and Saying: An Experimental Analysis of Transparent Leadership”

Daniel Houser and Erte Xiao “Trust and House Money”.