Paid internships may result in legal liability for an employer under the Fair Labor Standards Act unless the employer is paying at least the state minimum wage. In addition to paying at least the minimum wage, the amount paid to an intern should be comparable to the amount paid to other interns performing similar work.
Consult the Career Center for guidance on paid internships and Federal Work Study Programs.
Consult Human Resources for information about the Fair Labor Standards Act.
Unpaid Internships and the Fair Labor Standards Act
Under the Fair Labor Standards Act, interns are entitled to
receive at least minimum wage unless the position may be categorized as a
Trainee/Learner position.The U.S.
Department of Labor has established a six-part test for determining whether a
position qualifies as a Trainee/Learner position and may be unpaid.Any internship that does not satisfy
each part of Trainee/Learner test must pay at least the minimum wage.
Department of Labor Trainee/Learner Test:
The training is similar to what would be given in a
vocational school or academic educational institution;
The training is
for the benefit of the trainee or student;
The trainee or student does not displace regular employees,
but work under close observation;
The employer derives no immediate advantage from the
activities of the trainee or student, and on occasion the employer’s operations
may be impeded;
The trainee or student is not necessarily entitled to a job
at the conclusion of the training period; and
The trainee or student understands that they are not
entitled to wages for the time spent in training.
The following guidelines are helpful in determining whether
an internship satisfies the DOL Trainee/Learner test above.An unpaid internship should meet most
or all of the criteria below:
The work performed in the internship is an integral part of
the intern’s course of academic study (e.g. a practical application of material
taught in the classroom);
The intern receives or is eligible to receive academic
credit (either from Carnegie Mellon or another institution) for the internship;
The intern must prepare a report of his/her experience
during or after the internship for review by a faculty supervisor (perhaps as a
condition of receiving credit);
The work performed is primarily for the purpose of learning
as opposed to tasks that primarily benefit the employer and would normally be
performed by paid employees;
The internship will provide an opportunity for the intern to
learn a skill, process, or other business function;
The majority (i.e. greater than 50%) of the internship is
spent shadowing employees and/or learning and developing skills;
There is educational value to the work related to the
intern’s course of academic study;
A faculty or staff member closely supervises the intern;
The internship identifies learning and development
objectives, preferably in writing;
It is clear that the intern is not guaranteed a job upon
completion of the internship.
For unpaid internships, it is particularly important to
clearly communicate, in writing, the fact that the internship is unpaid.A written description of the
internship, including a summary of the learning goals, should also be provided
to prospective interns.
Additional Considerations for Unpaid Internships
Individuals accepting an internship should be provided with
a letter documenting the length of the internship; the amount of hours per
week; the educational goals of the internship and the fact that the internship
Interns who receive academic credit from Carnegie Mellon for
the internship must be enrolled at the University during the internship
(including summer semester).
International students may be required to obtain appropriate
work authorization before being permitted to participate in an unpaid
internship.Please consult with
the Office of International Education and the Office of the General Counsel.
In order to insure that unpaid interns have proper insurance
coverage, all departments using unpaid interns should provide the following
information prior to the start of the internship period toRisk Management & Insurance Office
at firstname.lastname@example.org email@example.com:
RE:Unpaid Internship at Carnegie Mellon University
Time Period of Internship: _________________
Department of Internship:_________________
Full Time Student at Carnegie Mellon University:Yes:____No:_____
If No, please
Intern’s Health & Accident Insurance Company: _____________________
Appropriate safety training should be provided to all interns
based on the tasks interns will be asked to perform.Please contact the Environmental Health & Safety
Department for assistance with this training.
Departments should consider the intellectual property rights
of unpaid interns.Carnegie Mellon
students are generally subject to the University’s Intellectual Property Policy
(see http://www.cmu.edu/policies/documents/IntellProp.html) and students from
other schools may be subject to other policies.This is particularly important if unpaid interns will
perform work on sponsored projects.Before allowing an intern to participate in a sponsored project, it may
be necessary to obtain approval of certain terms and conditions.For guidance, contact the Office of
The administration of any educational program at Carnegie
Mellon, including unpaid internships, is subject to the University’s Statement
of Assurance, which, among other things, prohibits the University from
discriminating on the basis of race, color, national origin, creed, ancestry,
sex, handicap, religion, belief, age, veteran status, sexual orientation or
gender identity, or in violation of federal, state or local laws or executive orders.See http://www.cmu.edu/policies/documents/SoA.html.