* Denotes an elective course
** Denotes a graduate course
Topics: Vector mechanics; forces and moments; equilibrium of rigid bodies; reactions; sections and internal forces on free-bodies; analysis of simple beams and trusses; stress and strain; elasticity; bending stress; shear stress; beam design. Material is taken directly from the required texts, presenting the scientific background of each concept together with numerous application examples. Students master the material by completing weekly problem sets. The lectures, text readings, problem sets, and examinations form a consistent treatment of the material.
48-215 Materials and Assembly
The fourth semester of architectural studies at Carnegie Mellon University is concerned with the detailed development and refinement of architectural design as informed by the meaning,aesthetics and techniques related to the usage of materials and the process of construction. This is the fourth lecture course of the technology sequence and focuses on the principles of building construction utilizing contemporary systems. Materials and Assembly, taught in parallel with the design studio and Structures I, allows in - depth exploration of the fundamentals of contemporary construction, while the studio provides a simultaneous setting for the application and synthesis of this knowledge. The materials science content of the course examines construction materials with regard to their process of manufacture, their physical properties, their environmental performance and their methods of selection and specification. The assembly content of this course examines the selection, design, preliminary sizing and methodology of construction systems in wood, masonry, steel, sitecast concrete and precast concrete. The class introduces the fundamentals of enclosure systems.
Structures is a required course taught in the second year. It is a successor course to Statics, complementing that previous course by emphasizing structural member design in wood, steel, and reinforced concrete; spatial synthesis of hierarchical one-way systems for gravity load; structural types for lateral load including braced frames, shear walls, and rigid frames; introduction to geometric structures such as cable nets, domes, shells, and air-supported structures.
48-325 Geometry, Construction & the Digital *
This seminar course will examine the interrelationship of geometric strategies coupled with digital technologies as a means for developing a systematic approach towards construction and the realization of form. The course will cover a series of case studies including the digital and geometric strategies deployed for the Guggenheim Museum Bilbao, the Soumaya Museum Mexico City as well as other paradigm changing projects. The case studies will be accompanied with supplementary readings that focus on the instrumentality of geometry for defining methods and formal strategies aimed at the creation of a unique architecture and systems related to construction. The readings will place contemporary construction practices within an overall continuum of building technologies extending from techniques of stereotomy employed in the Renaissance and Baroque periods to the current application of digital technologies in building construction. The course will culminate with the creation of digital models by the students that depict and describe underlying systems inherent to the actualization of a specific architectural project.
48-327 Modeling Moderns *
Modeling Modern is a course designed to get behind the skin of modern architecture. We will focus on the working drawings of one house by Walter Gropius in Pittsburgh and six houses by Rudolph Schindler in Los Angeles. The class will translate these drawings into computer models in Revit, make physical scale models and an animation of the construction process. During mid semester break there will be an optional self funded visit to Los Angeles to see the Schindler houses and to compare the understanding of the 2-D orthographic construction drawings to the experience of the buildings themselves. This class will stretch your forensic powers, use a platform for collaborative work and build skills in model creation.
48-328 Detailing Architecture *
This course looks toward the role of the architectural detail in the formation and thematic development of a work of architecture. Students interested in this course need to have willingness to explore and research building details, speculate on their appropriateness and document through analytical drawing their intent and assembly. The course will be composed of a weekly lecture and weekly discussion of research and drawing development made by each of the students.
48-473 Hand and Machine Joinery, New Directions *
Hand and Machine Joinery, New Directions will be offered in the second half of the semester and, like Experimenting With Lamination, Clamping and Cutting, will be considered fulfillment of the prerequisite for. Furniture Design and Construction. It will distill the broad array of wood joints that have been used in furniture through centuries into a collection appropriate to contemporary woodworking and modern style. The collection will include perpendicular and angled joints with two, three, and more intersecting members. Different methods for interlocking these members will be demonstrated using machine and hand tools. Students will be given assignments which require the adaption of these interlocking methods to different design circumstances.
48-477 Undergraduate Making Things Interactive *
48-478 Digital Tooling *
This course serves as an immersive analysis of the available technologies located in the Digital Fabrication Lab at Carnegie Mellon and beyond. Students begin to understand equipment limits/boundaries, purposes and concepts; and the possibilities that arise from thoroughly comprehending how these tools work. During your Digital Experience, students begin to understand more systematically how to use these tools to their advantage. A better understanding of the equipment proves very useful towards a SoArch Student?s 3rd, 4th and 5th years at Carnegie Mellon; but more importantly provides a fundamental understanding of a leading edge technology that will certainly prove itself as an integral tool for any Designer throughout their professional career. It is based on the idea that pushing the limits of design fabrication; comes from knowing the limits of your tools. The course operates by discovering tooling extremes; thus indicating limits, and then incorporating these boundaries (and/or breaking them) with Digital Fabrication methods and tooling; ultimately providing a platform in which students begin to understand and incorporate project efficiency. Prerequisites: Imagination, Laser Cutting, Milling and 3D-Modeling Experience required. (Rhinoceros 3D Preferred)
48-631 Fabricating Customization *
This course will explore the tectonic, material and organizational opportunities afforded through automated fabrication and assembly. Particular attention will be directed to the opportunities for mass customization at the building component scale. Emergent topics of digital craft, performative architectures and responsiveness will be explored in relationship to culture, economy and technology. To this end, focus will move beyond formal novelty to meaningful architectural impact. Specific attention will be focused on robotic fabrication. Given the process / task flexibility inherent with robotics, attention will be paid to a range of processes and scales. Through a series of design and fabrication investigations student groups will develop a comprehensive understanding of the robotic fabrication workflow relating to various digital design processes. The recently acquired 7 axis robotic milling machine and 6 axis robotic gripper will serve as the principal instruments of the exploration; however all tools within the lab will be utilized. In an effort to leverage the equipment available, particular focus will be directed to a critical understanding of the distinctions between analog fabrication, traditional digital fabrication and robotic fabrication. To this end, both additive and subtractive processes will be explored. Technical proficiency and critical engagement of the processes will occur through a structured sequence of fabrication projects. These results will provide a basis to inform student group projects. As an advanced digital fabrication course, students should be proficient with CNC routing and high fidelity digital modeling.
48-533 Future CNC: Visionary Use for Robotic Fabrication *
The Future CNC course explores the future of computer numeric controlled (CNC) manufacturing technologies as they proliferate into domestic, commercial, and creative settings. As the cost of CNC machinery rapidly decreases, powerful, precise, and efficient new tools will become available to a much wider audience. Students will be invited to speculate and create a vision for how CNC and robotic fabrication techniques will be put to use in the future. Relevant topics include, but are not limited to: interactive fabrication, computational food, generative architecture, data-driven fabrication, physics/simulation-based applications, and future wearables. An important part of the course entails project prototyping using an industrial robot arm in the Digital Fabrication Lab. Each project will explore a given capability of robotic control, ranging from static, to mechanical, and finally dynamically-controlled tool heads. Students will be expected to produce project documentation that compellingly illustrates their vision using current technology. Students of this course will greatly benefit from an understanding of a programming language, basic skills with electronics, and prior experience with digital fabrication.
48-564 Furniture Design & Construction *
The spring elective is for students who want to build furniture of their own design. The instructor will assign the type of furniture to be built. The course is for students with knowledge of basic wood working techniques, the operation of standard woodworking machines, and specifically the array of the machines we have in the SOARCH shop. For this reason there are prerequisites including the first year shop training offered in the ?Introduction to Architecture? course and one of the fall mini shop electives. In lieu of the prerequisites the instructor will review photographic documentation of a student?s work which demonstrate comparable experience. The instructor will determine if the projects represent sufficient experience to qualify for the class. One project will be assigned, designed and built during the semester by each student. Exercises relating to design and construction will be assigned as well. Wood will be the primary material, however additional materials may be incorporated. Equipment and procedures beyond those covered in the prerequisites will be introduced as necessary throughout the course. The project deadline, and a review, will be scheduled during the final exam period at a time determined by the class. Prerequisites: 48.105, 48.470 OR 48.473
48-568 Advanced CAD, BIM and 3D Visualization *
This course is designed to introduce a student to advanced software applications, including AutoCAD 3D, 3D Studio MAX, and Autodesk REVIT. Students will learn how to properly set up and manipulate CAD projects integrating all three software applications, replicating real world projects in leading architectural firms. Building information and parametric modeling, animations, materials, lighting, and rendering concepts will allow students to create integrated projects, 3D video animations, and realistic renderings. At the conclusion of this course, students will have projects and animations created and architectural CAD standards outlined. Students should have some familiarity with basic AutoCAD 2D commands. Those who don't have AutoCAD 2D knowledge can contact the professor to arrange for on-line tutorials that need to be completed before classes begin.
48-569 GIS/CAFM *
48-624 Parametric Modeling **
48-724 Parametric Design **
This is an introductory course to parametric modeling, which can be taken either as a half-semester assignment-based course, or as a full semester course with a parametric design project component. The course will introduce i) fundamental concepts of geometric modeling including such topics as: spatial coordinates, projections, Boolean operations, formal transformations, freeform surface creation, development and deformations; ii) parametric techniques and tools to model designs parametrically, to construct geometrical relationships among complex shapes, and to deal with constraints and their propagation. The lectures will be on computational geometry that can be applied to architectural design. In addition, the lectures will focus on hands-on techniques that can be applied to the design process, to extend the efficiency and productivity of work during the process. For practical reasons, the course will use Rhinoceros, Grasshopper, Rhinoscript, and .NET framework.